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Perception symptoms- hallucinations that are mainly auditory but people can also
see, smell and taste things that aren't there
Cognitive symptoms- theses are delusions there are many different types of
delusions such as delusions of grandeur where the person beliefs they are very
important such as being a queen or super hero. The person also beliefs their
thoughts are being controlled by others and have language impairments
Social symptoms- the person is socially withdrawn they don't take part in social
activities or enjoy them
Emotional symptoms- the person has depression like symptoms where they lack
energy or interest in things such as personal care. They may display
inappropriate emotions such as being happy at a sad event.
Behavioural symptoms- the person shows stereotyped behaviour. They may
repeat their actions which may be strange and often don't have a purpose.
Person may display catatonic behaviour where they sit in the same position,
which may be uncomfortable, for long periods of time.…read more

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Positive symptoms ­ something that is added to a persons life for example a
Negative symptoms ­ something that has been taken away from the suffer for
example disorganised thinking…read more

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The DSM-IV and ICD-10 are the two main classification systems which each diagnose
schizophrenia differently
Lists 5 subtypes of Sz Lists 7 subtypes of Sz
Doesn't list simple Sz Does list Sz
Symptoms need to be present Symptoms need to be present
for 6 months for 1 month
Produced in America Produced by world health
More emphasis based on first
rank symptoms
*first rank symptoms are easier to diagnose
and include hallucinations, there also based
on the personal experience of someone…read more

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Paranoid (40% ) - the symptoms include the person being
preoccupied with one or more delusions. They also have frequent
auditory hallucinations
Catatonic (10%) ­ the person has strange voluntary movements,
motor activity which is purposeless and extreme negativism
Residual (20%) person has negative symptoms such as disorganised
thinking and social dysfunction. They also don't suffer from
hallucinations or delusions
Disorganised (10%) the person has disorganised speech and
behaviour they also don't meet any of the criteria for catatonic Sz
Undiffrent (20%) a variation of symptoms which don't fit into a
specific category…read more

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- Delusions which are bizarre beliefs that seem real to the person
- Hallucinations which are unreal perceptions of the environment usually auditory
- Disorganised thinking which is thinking thoughts have been inserted or withdrawn
from the mind
- Affective flattening a reduction of the range of emotions displayed by person
- Alogia a lessening of speech productivity
- Social dysfunctions where major areas of functioning such as work, relationships
and self-care are below the level achieved before onset
- Avoliation the reduction of goal directed behaviour the person is not motivated and
cannot be bothered with life
- Catatonic behaviour ­ bizarre and abnormal motor movements for example holding
the body in a rigid stance…read more

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