Rural Keywords

Rural Keywords for OCR AS geography with examples, under the headings listed in the syllabus.

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  • Created by: Charlotte
  • Created on: 31-03-12 14:21
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What are the
of rural areas?
Rural Settlement In the UK this is defined as a settlement characterised by a small
population, low population density and primary industries. E.g. Great Milton
in South Oxfordshire.
Cloke's Index of This characterises the UK into 4 areas; extreme rural, intermediate rural,
Rurality intermediate non-rural and extreme non rural, this is based on population
density, types of industry, building density, accessibility and 12 other
A type of rural settlement pattern in which the buildings are clustered
Nucleated Settlement
together. E.g. Sumutra, Indonesia
A type of rural settlement pattern in which there is just an isolated building
Isolated Farmstead which is far away from any other habitation. They are at the bottom of the
settlement hierarchy pyramid.
Dispersed Settlement A type of rural settlement pattern in which there are a number of buildings
which are scattered throughout the area, which are often surrounded by
fields. E.g Teeside
Linear/ Ribbon A type of rural settlement pattern, where the buildings are situated along a
Settlement line, by a road for example. E.g. Combe Martin, Devon
Ring Village A type of rural settlement pattern which was found in many parts of
sub-Saharan Africa where houses were built around a central area, left open
for tribal meetings and communal life. E.g. Kraito, Amazon
Hamlet A small settlement, just above an isolated farmstead, which has a small
collection of farms and houses and lacks basic services as the small
population of around 100 will only support low order goods and services
and will have a small catchment area.
Village This is higher in the settlement hierarchy and has a much larger population,
and can support a wider range of services including a church and small
Small Market Town This has a larger population than villages by greater variety of low and high
order goods, with a larger catchment area and bigger range than villages.
Threshold Population The minimum number of people necessary before a particular good or
service will be provided in an area.
High order goods Comparison goods such as electrical goods and furniture that the shopper
will buy only after making a comparison between various models and
different shops. A high threshold population is needed to sustain a shop
selling comparison goods, and people are prepared to travel some distance
(range) to obtain the goods. E.g. TV
Low order goods Goods that are purchased frequently, such as milk or bread. People are not
prepared to travel to buy a convenience good and there is no real saving in
shopping around. The extra cost of `shopping around' outweighs any
savings that may be made. E.g milk

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Catchment Area or The area from which people travel to obtain a particular service product,
Sphere of Influence or such as the area from which a school draws its pupils.
Hinterlands or Urban
Range The distance that people are prepared to travel to obtain a good or service.
Resettlement A process carried out by the former South African government which
certain population groups (mainly blacks and coloured people) were forcibly
removed from their homes and relocated elsewhere.…read more

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What are
the social
d with
Counter An increase in the population of smaller settlements such as villages and towns
urbanisation caused by migration out of larger urban settlements into them. Eg this happen rapid
in the 1960s in the UK as the middle class grew and were able to access more places
through better transport links and there was cheaper land and house prices in rural
areas.…read more

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Urban Sprawl When the town spreads, usually causes green belt to be introduced, to protect the
countryside and stop cities joining. E.g. Oxfordshire has grown in population by 25%
since 1980s.…read more

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What are the
issues associated
with rural change?
Land Use Change This is a serious environmental problem in rural areas, as previously gree
areas are used for building developments, which causes loss of
biodiversity and greenery and changes the permeability of the ground
increasing the flood risk.…read more

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How can rural
areas be
managed to
Sustainability Improving the quality of life while living in the earth's carrying
Sustainable Development which meets the needs of the present without
Development compromising the ability of future generations to meet their
needs. This is needed in rural areas, because many rural areas
have widespread poverty and then sustainable development will
take people out of poverty whilst protecting the standard of
living for the future generation.…read more


Mr A Gibson

This is how a glossary should be - succinct and easy to read, you could actually print this out and stick it up on the wall. Too many students lose marks with wooly definitions - use this style to create some others of your own.

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