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Section B

a) What was the aim of your chosen study? [2]

The aim of Rosenhan's study was to test the hypothesis that psychiatrists
cannot tell the difference between people who are sane, and those who are
insane based on diagnosis.

b) Describe the procedure used in your chosen study…

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reductionism. This means that complex, difficult behaviours or illnesses such as
schizophrenia are reduced down to only the main factors or elements and
misses out other aspects of these psychological problems.

e) Suggest two changes to your chosen study and outline any
methodological implications these may have. [8]

The first…

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Section C

1a) Outline one assumption of the individual differences approach in
psychology. [2]

One assumption of the individual differences approach in psychology is to look
upon people as individuals and their different behaviours rather than just
considering average human behaviour.

b) Describe how the individual differences approach could explain…

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One strength of the individual differences approach in Psychology is the
opportunity to collect both qualitative and quantitative data. In Rosenhan's
study for example, once the pseudopatients were admitted to the psychiatric
ward, they were recalled numerical data such as how many times patients were
ignored by staff and doctors…

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her, Eve Black and Jane. Personalities will each have different memories and
abilities to the other and can be either aware or unaware of each other's

c) Describe one similarity and one difference between the Thigpen and
Cleckley study and any other individual differences approach study. [6]

One similarity…

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A weakness of the individual differences approach is that it often relies on the
views of a limited number of people who can often be objective. In Thigpen and
Cleckley's study for example, the results of their study could be bias. This is
because their initial analysis was the possibility…


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