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SOCIALISATION AND GENDER ROLE
· Miller & Hoffman: Women are socialized to be more
passive, obedient and caring. Such values are valued by
religion. Women are more likely to work part time so have
the time for religion.
· Greeley: Taking care of the family increasing women's
religiosity as it involves responsibility for their `ultimate
welfare'
· Woodhead & Heelas: Religion provides traditional gender
roles and stability
· Hawley: women are socialized to desire protection from
men
· Brown: The NA is self-religious which appeals to women's
wish for autonomy…read more

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LIFE EXPECTANCY
· Women generally live longer than men so are more likely
to be widowed
· Therefore, they turn to religion for support as close life
evens often link to religion e.g. Funerals
· Davie: Women's closer proximity to birth and death brings
them closer to `ultimate' questions about the meaning of
life…read more

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SOCIAL DEPRIVATION & MARGINALITY: STARK,
GLOCK & BAINBRIDGE
· Religion offers compensators for social, organismic and ethical
deprivation
Social
· Women are more likely to be poor so turn to religion as
compensation
Organismic
· Steams from physical and mental health problems, women are
more likely to suffer thus, seek healing through religion
Ethical
· Women tend to morally conservative. They are more likely to
view the world as being in a moral decline and be attracted to
sects, which often share this view
· Women may lack confidence so seek improvement through
religion
· Weber: Participation gives women power and status, a response
to patriarchy
· Bruce: Many women are involved in establishing world-
rejecting sects…read more

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STATUS FRUSTRATION
· Women lack personal fulfilment due to being confined in
home
· Those in the lower M/C are left in unfulfilling jobs
· Religion offers a chance to improve yourself and social
status
· Puttick: Well educated women seek self-improvement
Evaluation
· W/C women?
· Deakin: There are other forms of compensation e.g.
Facebook…read more

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RECENT CHANGES
· Bruce: Women have began to reject traditional subordinate
gender role which has lead them to reject traditional
religion
· Brierley: Notes the dramatic change/decline of women
attending church
· Bird: Roman Catholic priests are expected to remain
celibate which may put people off religion
· Davie: Men view God as powerful whilst women see Him as
loving…read more

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