Psychological Explanations of Anorexia ESSAY PLAN / NOTES

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Psychodynami
c
Appr
oach
to
Anor
exi
a
AO1 AO2
A norexia
N ervo sa i
s down t
o unconsci ou s Bruch:
Mo t
her s
w ant
daughter s
to be
mo t
ivat
io ns.
depend ent so t
he y
encourag e an or
exia.
Assert
in g
a ut
o nomy
as a
me ans of
exer
ting
control
ove r
t
heir
bo dy.
F reud:
E at
ing
w as a subst
it
u t
e for
sex.
Most an or
e xi
c s
come
from mid dle cl
ass
F att
enin g st
o ma ch
resemb l
e s
preg nan c y.
f
amili
es where
there
a r
e hi
gh
R eluct
a n ce t
o t
a ke
on
adult
expecta t
ions.
r esponsi bi
li
ti
e s.
S tar
va t
io n pr
e ve nt
s me nst
ru at
ion.
B ruch:
D augh ter
reli
es on
mo t
her for
Autonomy
can
e xpl
ain
w hy
a no r
e xi
a i
s
s ecuri
ty commo n duri
n g
a dol
escence .
Mo t
her k eeps
d aughter
safe
at
home .
A N
is
a b att
le
ag ai
n st
cont
ro l
l
ing paren ts.
A N
is
a r eaction t
o
sexual
ab use,
b eca u se
th e
vict
im hat es t
heir
body.
Parenta l
conf
lict
i
s an ef
fect
ra t
he r
than
a
cause.
Psychod ynami c approach
ca n '
t
e xpl
ain
t
he rece nt
i
n crease i
n anorexi
a .
Accoun ts
are dif
fi
cu l
t
to
fal
sify,
th ey
are
unsci
en ti
fi
c an d
u nt
establ
e.
Behavi
our
ist
Appr
oach
to
Anor
exi
a
AO1 AO2
Cl
ass i
ca l
condi
ti
oning associ
ati
on Becker:
Fij
ian
study.
Foun d
an i
nc r
e ase
in
bet
w een sl
imness
and admi
rati
on i
s anor
e xi
a si
nce
tv
w as
int
roduced. 74% of
l
earned. Fi
ji
an
gir
ls
fel
t
too f
at
since TV.
Although
we can't
assume that
watchi
n g
TV causes
eat
ing di
sorders.
I
t was a
natural
experi
me nt
so t
he vari
ables
w ere not
100% co nt
rol
led ­
confounding
va r
iables.
O perant
condit
ioni
ng c onti
nu i
ng Soci
a l
l
earning
theory
can accoun t
f
or
a dmirat
ion
is
rei
nfor
cing. i
ncreased i
ncidence of
anorexi
a .
P ersonal
sat
isf
acti
on (
r ew ard)
We i
ght
loss
­ puni
shme n t
t
o pa rent
s.
S oci
a l
l
earni
ng media c reat
e s t
he Condi
ti
oning
ca n
expl
ain
how t
he
disor
der
s oci
al
norm that
`
thi
n i
s
go od'.
i
s mai
ntai
ned.
T hi
n mo del
s r
eceive
ad mi rat
ion
so we
imitat
e the
behaviour
.
Behavi
oural
t
herap i
es
are
successf
ul
in
t
reat
ing
anorexi
a.

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Soci
al
fact
ors al
one can'
t
explai
n
anor
exia,
ot
he rwi
se more
peop l
e woul d
suf
fer
f
rom i
t.
Cannot
explai
n
indi
vi
dual
dif
fer
en ces.
Cogni
ti
ve
Appr
oach
to
Anor
exi
a
AO1: AO2:
B ased on di
stort
ed t
h i
nk i
n g .…read more

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