Psychological Explanation For Aggression (Social Learning Theory)

9 AO1s and 16 AO2s. A* essay. Set out in table for easy memorising.

Good luck! :)

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Andrew F.
  • Created on: 21-06-12 16:12
Preview of Psychological Explanation For Aggression (Social Learning Theory)

First 454 words of the document:

Psychological Explanation For Aggression (SLT) ­ Andrew F
AO1's AO2's
1 Bandura suggested a third way of learning
aggression. He proposed that although
individuals are biologically predisposed to
aggression, this will only be expressed upon
observing aggressive behaviour.
2 Bandura stated that watching the
consequences for an individual after
performing and action decided whether the
child would instigate the behaviour. This is
vicarious reinforcement.
3 Therefore this first stage of Social Learning
Theory is called the observation stage.
4 For behaviours to be learned, then, the
individual must first pay attention to the
model. In this way, information about the
behaviour can be encoded by the brain.
5 Therefore social learning occurs more 1 Research conducted by Philips supports
successfully if the individual identifies with vicarious reinforcement, stating that the
the model, suggesting learning is partially American homicide rate increased following a
dependant on gender and cultural factors. popular boxing match due to the observational
learning involved.
2 However this research is culturally relative to
America as no attempt was made to test other
cultures. Therefore this study is not generalisable
to all people.
6 If social learning is to occur, the individual
must form mental representation or
schema of the event and consequences.
This uses the cognitive approach.
7 The second stage of social learning theory
is instigation, where the behaviour is
replicated for the first time.
8 This will only occur if the individual feels
confident they can recreate the behaviour,
this is called selfefficacy. This shows that
individuals can have different responses
depending on their confidence.
9 The third stage of social learning theory is 3 Bandura's main supportive evidence for his
regulation, where, if the instigated behaviour theory comes from the observation of two groups
was rewarded, it will be regulated, whereas of children. One group observed a model
if it was punished, it will not be repeated. attacking a bobo doll and the other did not. After
being frustrated, the children were given the
opportunity to play with the doll. Children who had
witnessed the attack were much more likely to
themselves attack the doll.
4 The frustration of the children before the
observation is a controversial stage, because it
adds a debatably unnecessary variable. However
as it was done to both groups, it should not affect
the results.
5 In a subsequent study by Bandura, he proved
aggression was more likely to be repeated when
the model was rewarded and less likely when the

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Psychological Explanation For Aggression (SLT) ­ Andrew F
model was punished.
6 This experiment is a laboratory based design and
therefore well controlled and has internal validity.
The children in each group were matched for
age, gender and aggressive tendencies before
the experiment.
7 However the experiment lacks mundane realism
as it cannot be related to aggression in daily life.
8 Also, the study does not investigate the longevity
of the learned aggression.
9 Ecological validity is low because the victim was
a doll.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all resources »