PSA3 AND PSA4 exemplar work

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Preview of PSA3 AND PSA4 exemplar work

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Teacher Resource Bank
GCE Psychology A
Further Practice Questions with
Candidate Exemplar Work:
PSYA3
PSYA4
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The Assessment and Qualifications Alliance (AQA) is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 3644723) and a registered
charity (registered charity number 1073334). Registered address: AQA, Devas Street, Manchester M15 6EX.
Dr Michael Cresswell, Director General.

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Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Psychology A/ Further Practice Questions: PSYA3 and 4/ Version 1.0
FURTHER PRACTICE QUESTIONS with CANDIDATE
EXEMPLAR WORK
PSYA3 Biological rhythms and sleep
(25 marks)
(a) Outline what psychological research has shown about lifespan changes in sleep.
(4 marks)
(b) Discuss explanations for one or more sleep disorders. (5 marks + 16 marks)
(a) AO1 = 4 marks: For outline of lifespan changes.
Changes in duration and nature of sleep are creditworthy.…read more

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Teacher Resource Bank / Psychology A / Further Practice Questions: PSYA3 and 4 / Version 1.0
AO2/3 = 16 marks: For analysis, evaluation and commentary on explanation(s) of one or
more sleep disorders.
A clear source of evaluation would be on research findings that support or challenge
explanations of particular disorders. Discussion might focus on the quality of the research
and confidence in the findings, extrapolation and generalisation.…read more

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Teacher Resource Bank / Psychology A / Further Practice Questions: PSYA3 and 4 / Version 1.0
Candidate Response
NB Numbers in the text relate to the point-by-point comments below.
(a) Over our lifespan there are changes in the amount of sleep we need and the type of
sleep needed. As we get older we tend to sleep less infants sleep up to 20 hours per day
whilst most adults average 7-8 hours. Those over 50 average 6 hours per day.…read more

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Teacher Resource Bank / Psychology A / Further Practice Questions: PSYA3 and 4 / Version 1.0
Other sleep disorders include sleep apnoea where breathing stops during sleep. This lasts
20-40 seconds there are two types obstructive due to airway blocking associated with
obesity. Central apnoea is associated with choking rather than snoring and is
associated with heart and blood supply to the brain and malfunctioning of the brains
control of breathing.…read more

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Teacher Resource Bank / Psychology A / Further Practice Questions: PSYA3 and 4 / Version 1.0
Examiner comments
(b) This candidate has not really focused on the question. The extensive description of the
characteristics of a range of disorders is accurate and reasonably detailed but is not relevant,
and therefore earns no credit. The AO1 credit is for description of explanations and the
AO2/3 is for commentary on/evaluation of the explanations.…read more

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Teacher Resource Bank / Psychology A / Further Practice Questions: PSYA3 and 4 / Version 1.0
PSYA3 Perception (25 marks)
Discuss the contribution of infant and cross-cultural studies to our understanding of the
development of perceptual abilities. (9 marks + 16 marks)
AO1 = 9 marks: Outline description of the contribution of infant and cross-cultural studies.
There are a number of different ways of approaching this question.…read more

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Teacher Resource Bank / Psychology A / Further Practice Questions: PSYA3 and 4 / Version 1.0
An alternative source of AO2 would be commentary on relative contribution of neonate and
cross-cultural research to understanding as compared with other types of research, such as
animal studies, clinical studies, distortion studies, and the success or otherwise of neonate
and cross-cultural research in accounting for distinctive features of perceptual development.
Indicative issues, debates and approaches relevant to this question could include nature/
nurture, reductionism and determinism, culture bias.…read more

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Teacher Resource Bank / Psychology A / Further Practice Questions: PSYA3 and 4 / Version 1.0
Candidate Response
NB Numbers in the text relate to the point-by-point comments below.
One of the major questions about perceptual development is whether it is the result of
nature or nurture or a combination of them both. Studies of infants and cross cultural
studies have both been used to establish the contribution of biology and the contribution
of learning to development of perceptual ability.…read more

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Teacher Resource Bank / Psychology A / Further Practice Questions: PSYA3 and 4 / Version 1.0
By studying the perceptual abilities of neonates we can see what abilities are innate.
Abilities that are learned would not be evident in newborns. Studies such as those of
Gibson and Walk the visual cliff showed depth perception is innate and Bower's study
where infants were conditioned to particular retinal image sizes showed that babies have
innate shape and size constancy.…read more

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