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Geography Revision
Over time the world population has been expanding rapidly; reasons for this global
population increase are:

1. Industrial revolution, changes took place which meant that people began to love
longer, for example good transport links were made for food imported into cities
2. Agricultural revolution (MEDCs), Fertilisers,…

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Are we evenly spread?
The world is generally not evenly spread as there are different birth and death rates (The
average number of live births or deaths per thousand people per year. This means that all
countries have different natural change, natural increase or natural decrease too. This is the…

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3. Late Expanding ­ Population is increasing slowly; LEDCs like India + Mexico. The death
rate is falling as medical care etc continues to improve. Birth rate is falling as families
no longer need children to work for them, Birth control is available and Children aren't
dying young. Female emancipation…

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Population Graphs

Thomas Malthus ­ The `pessimistic' view

He feared that the population would
increase faster than resources and it
would cause `checks on the population'
e.g. war, diseases, restraint on having

Ester Boserup ­ The `optimistic' view

She thought that more people would
lead to more innovation and…

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Dependants are those in a population who are too old or too young to work so they depend
on other people to support them. The dependency ratio is an age-population ratio of those
typically not in the labour force (the dependent part) and those typically in the labour force

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the pressure to support young dependants. They need healthcare which the government is
unable to pay.

Population Management
Pro-nationalist policies ­ Governments encourage people to have children, usually by
financial means. Under populated countries use them to try and make better use of their

Anti-natalist policies ­ Government use…


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