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Static electricity
Good 'conductors', such as metals, allow an electric charge to pass through them, but insulators, such
as plastic, do not. A substance that gains electrons becomes negatively charged, while a substance
that loses electrons becomes positively charged.

Insulating materials
Metals are good conductors, which mean that electric charges…

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You can get an electrostatic shock if you're charged and you touch something that is earthed or if
you're earthed and you touch something that is charged. For example:

When you walk on a vinyl floor or one covered with a nylon carpet you charge up because of friction.
You…

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