Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Definition
of
Key
Terms
Key
Word
Definition
Timbre
The
characteristic
individual
sound
or
tone-colour
of
an
instrument
or
voice
Fundamental
The
note
we
hear
most
strongly
through
the
vibrations
Harmonics/overtones
Fainter,
higher
notes
we
hear
through
the
vibrations
Reverb
When
a
sounds
lasts
longer
because
it
is
reflected
between
the
walls,
floor
and
ceiling
of
a
room
Distortion
Often
used
in
rock
music,
particularly
on
the
electric
guitar,
sometimes
creating
an
aggressive
sound
Chorus
When
a
recorded
voice
or
instrument
is
multiplied
electronically,
producing
the…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Definition
of
Key
Terms
Key
Word
Definition
Double-stopping
Where
string
players
bow
two
notes
simultaneously,
on
adjacent
strings
Tremolo/tremolando
Another
string
effect,
this
literally
means
`trembling'
or
`quivering'.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Definition
of
Key
Terms
Key
Word
Definition
Crescendo
Getting
louder
Decrescendo/ Getting
softer
diminuendo
molto
`more'
or
`much'
Poco
a
poco
Little
by
little…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Timbre
! Timbre
is
the
characteristic
individual
sound
or
tone-colour
of
an
instrument
or
voice
! It
is
what
enables
us
to
tell
the
difference
between,
say
,
a
violin,
a
trumpet
and
a
flute
­
even
if
they
all
play
the
same
note
! Many
factors
account
for
this:
for
example,
the
materials
from
which
the
instrument
is
made,
the
way
it
produces
its
sound
(for
example
with
strings,
or
with
a
reed)
and
the
way
the
sound
is
made
to
resonate
(such
as…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Timbre
! When
an
instrument
plays
a
note,
something
vibrates
­
for
instance
a
string,
or
the
air
inside
a
length
of
tube
! The
vibrations
act
in
a
complicated
way:
the
note
we
think
of
as
being
played,
but
added
to
that
are
fainter,
higher
notes
called
harmonics
or
overtones
! These
add
`colour'
to
the
fundamental
! Some
instruments
produce
more
harmonics
than
others,
or
emphasise
different
harmonics
! It
is
the
relative
strengths
of
the
harmonics,
and
the
way
they
are
combined,…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

Timbre
! Timbre
is
important
to
a
composer
because
it
adds
a
special
quality
to
the
music
which
helps
to
create
mood
or
feeling
! Composers
may
use
instruments
on
their
own
(solo),
or
blend
together
the
timbres
of
several
instruments
to
produce
a
particular
effect
! In
the
examination
you
may
be
asked
to
recognise
individual
instruments,
or
groups
of
instruments,
or
to
comment
in
some
way
on
the
effect
created
in
the
music
by
using
particular
instruments
or
combinations
of
instruments…read more

Page 8

Preview of page 8

Here's a taster:

What
will
you
need
to
learn?
! You
will
need
to
be
able
to
recognise
the
following:
! Instruments
and
voices,
singly
and
in
combination,
as
found
in
music
for
solo
instruments,
concertos,
chamber
groups,
pop
and
vocal
music
! Generic
families
of
instruments,
as
found
in
world
music
! Timbre,
including
the
use
of
technology,
synthesised
and
computer-generated
sounds,
sampling,
and
the
use
of
techniques
such
as
reverb,
distortion
and
chorus
! Instrumental
techniques
including
con
arco
(with
a
bow),
pizzicato
(plucked),
con
sordino…read more

Page 9

Preview of page 9

Here's a taster:

The
use
of
technology
! Technology
has
enabled
instruments
not
only
to
change
their
sound,
but
also
to
produce
instrumental
sounds
that
are
created
electronically
! You
may
be
asked
to
recognise
some
technology-based
timbres:
! Reverb
­
an
abbreviation
of
reverberation.
This
is
when
a
sound
lasts
longer
because
it
is
reflected
between
the
walls,
floor
and
ceiling
of
a
room.…read more

Page 10

Preview of page 10

Here's a taster:

The
use
of
technology
! Distortion
is
often
used
in
rock
music,
particularly
on
the
electric
guitar,
sometimes
creating
an
aggressive
sound
! Chorus
is
when
a
recorded
voice
or
instrument
is
multiplied
electronically,
producing
the
effect
of
one
voice
or
instrument
sounding
like
many
! Multi-tracking
is
a
recording
technique
in
which
different
tracks
of
sound
are
recorded
separately
but
can
be
played
back
together.…read more

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Music resources:

See all Music resources »See all resources »