Pages in this set

Page 1

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Area
of
Study
Four

Timbre
and
Dynamics

Page 2

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Definition
of
Key
Terms

Key
Word
Definition

Timbre
The
characteristic
individual
sound
or
tone-colour
of
an
instrument
or
voice

Fundamental

The
note
we
hear
most
strongly
through
the
vibrations

Harmonics/overtones
Fainter,
higher
notes
we
hear
through
the
vibrations

Reverb
When
a
sounds
lasts
longer
because
it
is
reflected
between
the…

Page 3

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Definition
of
Key
Terms

Key
Word
Definition

Double-stopping
Where
string
players
bow
two
notes
simultaneously,
on
adjacent
strings

Tremolo/tremolando
Another
string
effect,
this
literally
means
`trembling'
or
`quivering'.
It
is
produced
by
rapid
up-
and-down
movements
of
the
bow
on
the
strings

Falsetto
A
technique
employed
by
male
singers,
to…

Page 4

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Definition
of
Key
Terms

Key
Word
Definition

Crescendo
Getting
louder

Decrescendo/ Getting
softer

diminuendo

molto
`more'
or
`much'

Poco
a
poco
Little
by
little

Page 5

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Timbre

! Timbre
is
the
characteristic
individual
sound
or
tone-colour
of

an
instrument
or
voice


! It
is
what
enables
us
to
tell
the
difference
between,
say
,
a
violin,

a
trumpet
and
a
flute
­
even
if
they
all
play
the
same
note


! Many
factors
account
for
this:…

Page 6

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Timbre

! When
an
instrument
plays
a
note,
something
vibrates
­
for
instance
a

string,
or
the
air
inside
a
length
of
tube

! The
vibrations
act
in
a
complicated
way:
the
note
we
think
of
as
being

played,
but
added
to
that
are
fainter,
higher
notes
called
harmonics

or…

Page 7

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Timbre

! Timbre
is
important
to
a
composer
because
it
adds
a
special

quality
to
the
music
which
helps
to
create
mood
or
feeling


! Composers
may
use
instruments
on
their
own
(solo),
or
blend

together
the
timbres
of
several
instruments
to
produce
a

particular
effect


! In
the
examination…

Page 8

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What
will
you
need
to
learn?

! You
will
need
to
be
able
to
recognise
the
following:


! Instruments
and
voices,
singly
and
in
combination,
as
found
in
music
for
solo

instruments,
concertos,
chamber
groups,
pop
and
vocal
music


! Generic
families
of
instruments,
as
found
in
world
music


!…

Page 9

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The
use
of
technology

! Technology
has
enabled
instruments
not
only
to
change
their

sound,
but
also
to
produce
instrumental
sounds
that
are

created
electronically


! You
may
be
asked
to
recognise
some
technology-based
timbres:


! Reverb
­
an
abbreviation
of
reverberation.
This
is
when
a

sound
lasts
longer
because…

Page 10

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The
use
of
technology

! Distortion
is
often
used
in
rock
music,
particularly
on
the

electric
guitar,
sometimes
creating
an
aggressive
sound


! Chorus
is
when
a
recorded
voice
or
instrument
is
multiplied

electronically,
producing
the
effect
of
one
voice
or
instrument

sounding
like
many


! Multi-tracking
is
a
recording…

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