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Page 1

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GLORY OF THE LORD (BAROQUE ERA 1600-1750)

George Frideric Handel (1685-1759)

Key- A MAJOR

Tempo- ALLEGRO

Time signature- 3/4

Rhythm- LILTING

Motive 1:

opening movement
orchestral introduction is followed by motive 1 sung by altos and then motive 2 sung by
tenors followed by the basses
syllabic

Motive 2:

Sun…

Page 2

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Rhythm

Hemiola rhythm (2 bars in triple time)
Closes with plagal cadence

Instruments

Strings
Trumpets
Timpani
Organ
Harpsichord continuo
Oboes
Bassoons

Page 3

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1ST MOVEMENT FROM SYMPHONY NO.40 (CLASSICAL PERIOD 1750-1830)

Wolfang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791)

Key- G MINOR

Tempo- MOLTO ALLEGRO

Time signature- 4/4

Texture- HOMOPHONIC TEXTURE

Form- SONATA

Exposition (subject 1)

Tonic key
Molto allegro
4/4
Piano ­ soft
Anacrusis- before the bar line
Melody- symmetrical
Sequence
Short notes

Bridge

Modulates key…

Page 4

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Instruments

Flute
Oboes
Clarinet
Bassoons
Horns
Violins
Cellos
Double basses

Page 5

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YIRI

KOKO

Key- G FLAT

Tempo- UNVARIED

Drum ostinati- PERSISTS THROUGHOUT MUSIC

Texture- POLYPHONIC

Pitch- CHANGE IN PITCH DETERMINES THE ACTUAL MEANING OF WORDS

Communication, festivals and celebration
Repetition, improvisation, polyphonic, call and response, cyclic structures, interpretation
melodies
From WEST Africa
Melodies- short and simple, repeated
Balaphone, vocal, flute, tam…

Page 6

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THE ROMANTIC ERA (1800-1900)

Piano prelude No.15 op. 28

F. Chopin

Key- D flat major

Tempo- RUBATO

Texture- HOMOPHONIC

Pitch-

Structure:

Ternary form A-B-A
A Section is calm and light
B section is dark and stormy
Second A section is shorter than first one
Codetta is short- finish

Tonality harmony…

Page 7

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RAG DESH

-tonic key is C
linked to monsoons
-night raga
-Hindustani tradition (northern India)
-sitar, table, sarangi, sarod, pakwaj, cymbals, bansuri, esraj and tambura
-melody: improvised from notes of the rag
-drone: supported drone of usually one or two notes provided by the tambura
-rhythm: repetitive, cyclic rhythm pattern…

Page 8

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WHY DOES MY HEART FEEL SO BAD

Moby- Dance music

Time Signature: 4/40 four on the floor

Key: Am

Tempo: 98Bpm

Structure

Consists of 3, 8 bar chord sequence. 1 for section A, and, 2 for section B. Order:
A x 5, B, A x 2, breakdown, B x 3,…

Page 9

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ARNOLD SCHOENBERG

(1909)

Tempo: SEHR RASCH (VERY FAST)

Structure: RONDO FORM (A B A C A)

Key: ATONAL

Dynamics- EXTREME

Expressionism: trying to get rid of music with strong structures

Features: Short, Atonal, Large Orchestra, Polyphonic

Hexachord- Group of 6 notes that create a musical motif

Compliment- the six semitones…

Page 10

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Motif C:

Principle voice, cello solo
Ruhiger (calmer) to hetfig (passionate)
Texture is sparse, overlapping combinations of solo instruments
Delicate crystal before hitting with full orchestral hammer
Range from pp, individual crescendos to fff

A'

Rhythmic motif
Start with clarinets and strings
Layered and rhythmic motif until the full orchestra…

Comments

Daniel Hurst

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only 9/12, but still great

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