Mordern Virtue Ethics Notes

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  • Created on: 21-03-13 14:24
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Modern virtues ethics
GEM ANCOMBE
Question's moral philosophy asks the question could there be any moral laws without God.
He suggest without a law giver eudaimonia should take the place of God. As it does not
depend on God.
-like Kant and Unitarianism as they do no depend on God
argues act based ethics ignore the people not giving them autonomy in the community
PHILIPPA FOOT
-Modernise Aristotle virtue ethics
on her lines she argues that the use of reason is very important, helping the individual to
achieve human flourishing
argues that a virtuous person does more than simply conforming to society
Does not see virtue ethics are good when used wrongly
Eg to allow murder ,virtue ethics is good and allow us not to accept passion or temptation
ALASDAIR MACLYTRE
-was on emotivism and argues moral statements are based on peoples feeling and opinions
-argues that people have become passive and rise to theories like Kant and utilitarian ethics
has led people away from achieving there teleos(purpose)
Argues morality should be in terms of human purpose
Argues that communities should have the power to choose their virtues which will develop
over time
JULIA ANNAS/ ROSALIND HURSTHONE
Defends the idea that virtues are virtues because they help people to achieve eudiamonia
Argues that virtues help to shape a person's attitudes and actions
Being virtuous is the most reliable path to flourishing
Attempt to address criticism that virtue ethics teaches nothing
MICHEAL STOLE
-sees virtue ethics as an inner trait or disposition of the individual
-see virtue ethics as a balance between caring between those who are close to you like
family and friends and people in general
-argues that VE is based on common-sense and intuition he thus prefers to use the word
admirable rather than good or bad
- Major contribution as he helps us distinguish between agent and act centred ethics, it also
unlike other focuses on motivates rather than the care of community
FEMINISTS
-claims that men often think morally in terms of justice and autonomy which is seen as
masculine whilst women think of morally in terms of caring nurturing etc they argue VE takes
into account the natural biases, writers of VE thus take in to account social facts instead of
specific virtues

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