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KARL MARX
(1818-1883)
·Most influential thinker of our time
·A revolutionist, his mission was to contribute to the overthrow of
capitalist society
·Argued that the structure of society was based on conflict
between 2 classes (proletariat and the bourgeoisie)…read more

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CLASS CONFLICT
·Working class-proletariat
·Ruling class-bourgeoisie
·Because the proletariat don't own any means of production, they
sell their labor power to the bourgeoisie for a wage. The bourgeoisie
exploit the proletariat by keeping wages low and by making profits at
work
·The means of production is key to the power relationship between
WC and RC
·Class conflict-RC want profit, WC want higher wages…read more

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CLASS CONFLICT
·Marx believed that this class conflict affected every aspect
of life
·Within this society the bourgeoisie must maintain the
unequal social structure
·They controlled the workforce and therefore the
government had to keep them happy…read more

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DOMINANT IDEOLOGY
·Beliefs and ideas of the most powerful groups in society which
influences the rest of society (thoughts and
·The bourgeoisie must, therefore, make society believe it's a
normal, natural and essential part of life to go and work and earn
a wage
·This way they always have a workforce
·This type of social structure (capitalist) is best understood
looking at the work of Althusser (1918-1990)
·Ideological state apparatus-these are institutions that suppress
and control the proletariat through manipulating and conditioning
the way they think…read more

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HOW DOMINANT IDEAOLOGY
AND CAPITALIST SOCIETY WORKS
BOURGEOISIE
FAMILY EDUCATION MEDIA RELIGON JUSTICE SYSTEMS
PROLETARIA
T
Family-teaching children to work hard
Education-listen to the teacher, work hard and you'll do well
Media-working is good, unemployment is bad
Religion-'accept your life, God planned it that way'
Justice systems-respect the law and authority…read more

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