lynx and snowshoe hare relationship

information about the canadian lynx, and the snowshoe hare. All about their habits, hunting, life span, birth rate, habitat.

Also talks about their relationship with each other and how they both affect each other. includes graphs, pictures and detailed explanation of factors affecting birth and deat rate.

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  • Created by: Holly
  • Created on: 23-10-12 19:41
Preview of lynx and snowshoe hare relationship

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Predator and Prey relationships
Canadian Lynx and Snowshoe Hare
The Canadian Lynx and Snowshoe Hare heavily depend on each other to
survive in the environment. They closely affect each other and live mainly in
Canada and partly in Washington. Their habitat consists mainly of a dense
undergrowth forest, or tundra. During winter months they are adapted to
survive thick snow.
Biotic factors (the living factors which shape an ecosystem) include plants,
other animals such as owls, coyotes and foxes. These animals are mainly a
threat to the hare, and become an alternative source of food for the lynx. The
environment consists of a variety of plants completing the dense undergrowth,
which accommodates the lynx when it needs to hunt for the hare. This
environment therefore provides many food sources within a large ecosystem,
creating a perfect habitat which is sustainable in itself for a variety of
organisms.
Never the less this is a hostile environment with harsh extremes of weather,
meaning only certain well adapted organisms are able to survive the
conditions. This is an abiotic factor because it is a non-living factor affecting the
organisms within the environment. During winter months forests become
covered in deep snow, making it a special skill of the hare to be able to
camouflage. In order to do this, the hare's grey coat turns pure white so it can
blend in, while the lynx has a mottled grey/brown coat to blend in with the
bushes where they hide so they can catch their prey. Other abiotic factors
include the sudden drop in temperature and high altitude in some areas.
The Lynx
The lynx hunt mostly at night by using there
sight, and very good hearing to catch their
prey. They hide in bushes where they can
wait for hours to then pounce on their prey.
They are very territorial, possessing 1 or
more females, and have a certain perimeter

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They live on
average 15 years. The female lynx can give birth to between 1 and 6 offspring,
with an average gestation period of 60 days. They only breed once a year, and
the mothers care for their young for around 10 months until they reach
independence.
The Canadian lynx are strictly carnivores, which mainly hunt the snowshoe hare,
except when numbers are low they turn to eating fish, or deer.…read more

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Both the Hare and the Lynx have multiple options for food choices. Even
though the Lynx favour the snowshoe hare they can also eat other fish and
deer. Although when the numbers of hare are low this has a major impact on
the Lynx because it is harder for them to hunt other sources of food, and the
alternatives are not a nutritious as the hare, so this leads to a decrease in Lynx.…read more

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From this you can
calculate the population cycle and whether numbers decrease more in
particular seasons or if it's because of disease.
It is
important to
collect data
on all species
because if a
species has a
low
population which has been dramatically decreasing for a couple of years, then
scientists can intervene to help stop the species from becoming extinct.…read more

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