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Appointment of Lay
Magistrates
There are approximately 30,000 Lay
Magistrates in England and Wales . They are
unpaid volunteers and they work part time - 26
half days per year.
Lay Magistrates are appointed by the Lord
Chancellor on the advice of the Local Advisory
Committees.…read more

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Appointment of Lay Magistrates
About 1,500 Lay Magistrates are appointed every year. As mentioned they
are appointed from lists put forward by the Local Advisory
Committees. Names are put forward to the Local Advisory Committees by
all sorts of organisations, for example, Trade Unions & political parties, it is
now possible for individuals to put themselves forward to the committee
(apply) themselves.
There is a two-stage interview process.
The first interview (sent by the Advisory Board) is used to find out more
about the candidate's personal attributes, the panel are particularly
interested in the six key qualities. The candidate will also be questioned to
find out their attitudes on various criminal justice issues such as drink
driving and young offenders.
The second interview is aimed at testing the candidate's judicial attitude,
this is achieved by a discussion of at least two case studies which are
typical of those normally heard in the Magistrates' Court. Background
checks are conducted at this stage.
Once the interviews are completed the advisory committee will submit the
names of the suitable candidates to the Lord Chancellor who will then
appoint new lay magistrates from this list.…read more

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Training of Lay Magistrates
This is supervised by the Judicial Studies Board which decides the
key areas which Magistrates need training on. The training itself is
carried out locally, often by the clerk of the court. In 1998 the
Magistrates New Training Initiative (MNTI 1) was set up. This was
recently amended by the Magistrates National Training Initiative
(MNTI 2) in 2004.…read more

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Training of Lay Magistrates
This training is divided into four areas of competence;
Initial Training Before sitting in court, a new magistrate will undergo introductory training
on the basics of the role. After this he/she will sit in court with two other experienced
magistrates.
Mentoring each new magistrate has a specially trained magistrate mentor to guide them
through their first months. There are 6 formal mentored sittings in the first 12-18 months,
where the new magistrate will review his/her learning progress and talk over any training
needs.
Core Training Over this first year, further training, visits to penal institutions and/or
observations take place to equip magistrates with the key knowledge they need. Every
magistrate is given a core workbook for further optional self study.
Consolidation Training At the end of the first year, consolidation training builds on the
learning from sittings and core training. This is designed to help magistrates plan for their
ongoing development and prepare for their first appraisal.
First Appraisal About 12-18 months after appointment, when both mentor and magistrate
agree he/she is ready, the new justice is appraised. Another specially trained magistrate
appraiser will sit as part of the bench, observing whether the new magistrate is
demonstrating he/she is competent in the role, against the competences. When
successful, the magistrate is deemed fully competent.…read more

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Lets see what you
Remember!!…read more

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