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Michael halliday
· Children learn language as it fulfils key
functions. Initially a child's language functions
fall into 4 basic categories; instrumental,
regulatory, interactional and personal. These
are followed when the child is slightly more
comfortable with its environment with
representational, heuristic and imaginative
language functions.…read more

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Instrumental
· Instrumental language is when a child uses
language to fulfil its needs such as to access
food, drink, comfort etc
· Examples of instrumental language include
`hug' , `blankie' and `milk'…read more

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Regulatory
· Regulatory language functions are used to
influence other's behaviour. The child has
awareness that there speech will have a
reaction such as being fed or being hugged.
Regulatory speech is a more sophisticated
form of instrumental speech with children
telling or asking what they want.
· An example of regulatory speech would be;
`me want hug', `gimme milk'…read more

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Interactional
· Interactional language is language which is
used to initiate, develop and maintain social
relationships. Its purpose is to engage in
phatic talk with others.
· examples of interactional language include
`charlotte love mummy' or `ello'…read more

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Personal
· Personal language is language used to express
speaker's personal preferences and promote
their individual identity. The purpose of
personal language is to refer people to
themselves, this is why this speech function is
also referred to as the `here I am' function of
speech.
· An Example of personal language includes
`charlotte happy girl'…read more

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