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Assumptions
Kohlberg assumes that gender is `acquired'
and that children are `actively' involved, not
passive.
He claims gender is a skill that children must
learn as they cognitively mature.
Kohlberg's theory influenced Piagets theory
of child development and the `concrete
operational' skills of children.
Gender thinking solely age-related therefore
linking to the different stages…read more

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Three stages to
development of gender…read more

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Gender labelling
Occurs between ages two and three
Label themselves and others as boys or girl
Based on appearance physically and not
internally as described by
> Piaget
As per-operational-lacking internal logic
Not internally consistent
> Thompson
2 year olds-76% correctly identified
3 year olds-90% correctly identified
Supports Kohlberg's theory…read more

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Gender stability
Occurs between 3-4 years old
Boys grow into men
Girls grow into women
Don't recognise consistency
> If boys play with girls toys and engage with girly
activities they'll become a girl
> If girl wears boys clothes she will look like a boy
children under the age of 7 lack the ability to
conserve…read more

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Evidence...
> McConaghy
When young children shown a line drawing of a doll, and
the male genitals could be seen through the dress
Children aged 5 judged doll to be female due to external
appearance, even though it can be seen internally it has
boys body parts.
> Slaby and Frey
Asked children were you a girl or boy when you were a
baby?
Children showed they didn't recognise traits over time
until 3-4
Supporting Kohlbergs theory…read more

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Comments

MrsMacLean

A very useful presentation, thanks madeha!

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