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BACKGROUND
· Social cognition
1. The way our thoughts are influenced by the people we mix
with and the way individuals perceive situations.
2. Research shows criminals weigh up the costs and the
benefits of committing that crime before doing ­ not just
committing it impulsively without a second thought for the
consequences.…read more

Slide 3

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BACKGROUND
· Internal vs. External
· Internal attribution ­ the person attributes the cause of their
behaviour within themselves. For example, "I failed this exam
because I didn't work hard enough".
· External attribution ­ the person attributes the cause of their
behaviour to social/environmental factors such as provocation or
social pressures. For example, "I failed this exam because the
teacher didn't teach me properly".
· Guilt ­ the person shows remorse about the offence they have
committed.
· Mental-element attribution ­ "I killed John because I was depressed
and lost control of myself" Blaming yourself but not directly your fault,
something else triggered inside your head.…read more

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AIM
· To examine the relationship between the
type of offence and the attributions
offenders make about their criminal act and
then cross-validate earlier findings on an
English sample.…read more

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PARTICIPANTS
· 80 criminals serving sentences in Northern
Ireland.
· 3 Groups:
· Group 1: 20 who had committed violent
offences- mean age 29.
· Group 2: 40 sex offenders ­ mean ages:
paedophiles 49, sexual assault 28.
· Group 3: 20 property offences i.e. burglary-
mean age 29.…read more

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METHOD
· To use the Gudjohnsson and Singh 42-item
`Blame attribution Inventory' to measure an
offenders type of offense and attribution of
blame on the three dimensions-
internal/external, mental element and guilt.…read more

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