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Sexuality and Religion
· Bird: Roman Catholic priests are expected to be celibate
· Some interpretations of Christianity & Islam are opposed to
homosexuality
· Turner: Self-disciplined existence to repress physical pleasure
Davie:
Men's perspective on God:
· Powerful and in control
Women's perspective on God:
· Loving, comforting and forgiving…read more

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Monotheistic:
After many invasions, ancient religions starting
worshipping just one masculine God
Polytheistic:
· Until the Bronze Age most religions worshipped male
and female Gods…read more

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Gender Inequality
Holm (1994)
· This move to male God is the origin of gender
inequality in modern religions
E.g.
· Buddhism : male monks have higher status than
female nuns
· Hinduism : only males can becomes brahmins
(priests)
· Catholicism : women cannot hold office…read more

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Patriarchy
Wives be subject
to your husbands. Blessed art thou O
For the husband is Lord our God that I
the head of the was not born a
wife, as Christ is slave. Blessed art
the head of the thou O Lord that I
church was not born a
woman
New Testament If you fear high-
handedness from Judaism
your wife, remind
them of the
teachings of God,
then ignore them
when you go to bed,
then hit them
Qu'ran…read more

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Reasons for inequality?
1) Menstruation
Makes women unclean
Polluting holy places
Example:
Hindu women aren't allowed to go near family shrines if they are
menstruating or pregnant
Muslim women aren't allowed to come into contact with the
Qur'an or enter a mosque while they are menstruating
2) Distraction:
Women's presence may distract men from their more important
roles involving worship…read more

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