GCSE Edexcel 1948-49 notes

GCSE Edexcel 1948-49 notes

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The Arab-Israeli Conflict
The 1948-49 War and the Creation of Israel.
The UN Partition plan
· In November 1947 the UN voted on the partition proposal for Palestine.
· The vote was 33 in favour and 10 against. It was clear that war was a very strong
· The British had announced that they would pull out of Palestine when the Mandate ran
out on the 15th May 1948.
· On the last day of the mandate, David Ben-Gurion declared the State of Israel to be in
· Then he waited for the surrounding countries to attack.
Unrest: November 1947-May 1948
· During this period, whilst Palestine was still officially under British control, there was
increased conflict between Jews and Arabs.
· Jews in Jerusalem became targets for Palestinian attacks.
· In other places the Haganah and the Irgun attacked Arabs in the areas which were to be
allocated to Israel.
· In the Spring of 1948 the Jewish forces decided to step up their attack and to Launch what
Ben-Gurion called Plan D. (due to take place after the British left: involved seizing not only Israeli
areas but also some areas allocated to the Arab state and clearing a path to Jerusalem (This was known
as Operation Nachshon).
The Birth of Israel

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The Arab-Israeli Conflict
· The worst incident during this campaign took place at Dier Yassin, where over 200 Arabs were
killed by the Irgun and the Stern gang (even though Arabs in the town had made a peace pact with local
· Ben-Gurion declared the state of Israeli to be in existence on 14th May 1947 at 4pm. The next
day the British formally left.
· The US immediately recognised the new state as did the Soviet Union.…read more

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The Arab-Israeli Conflict
· The Arab states around Israeli were not really interested in helping the Palestinians. By the end of
1948 they had lost the stomach for war.
· Apart from Egypt, all the Arab states were now states. They were not really strong enough internally to
be engaging in a long war.
· The Arab states fighting the Israeli's were known as the Arab League. The Grand Mufti (hiding in
Lebanon) did not get on with the Arab League.…read more

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The Arab-Israeli Conflict
· By the Spring of 1949, the Israelis had pushed the Egyptians back into the Sinai Desert and advanced
into southern Lebanon. The only parts still under Palestinian control was a small strip around Gaza and the West
· At this stage, as well as holding their own lands, the Israelis had over three quarters of the land
allocated to the Palestinian state.…read more


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