Functionalism and Crime SCYL4

Some essential points about functionalism and crime :)

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Emily
  • Created on: 14-04-13 11:56
Preview of Functionalism and Crime SCYL4

First 194 words of the document:

Functionalism and Crime
Functionalism is a structural, macro, consensus, positivist approach theory.
They believe crime is a result of inadequate socialisation, lack of moral consensus,
loss of community rapid social change (Durkheim) and blocked opportunities (Merton)
Parsons claimed in order for society to work, all individuals must be socialised to
accept non-deviant values. Those who conform are rewarded with qualifications,
employment and social status. Those who don't conform however, are punished with
stigma, fines and imprisonment.
Durkheim goes on to say if the central value consensus breaks down, and crime and
turmoil emerge, those right and wrong values are ambiguous. He calls this a state of
Hirschi investigates why people don't commit crime. He argues that criminal activity
occurs when people's attachment to society is weakened. He identifies 4 crucial
bonds that prevent us from committing crime:
1) Attachment (other people's opinions)
2) Commitment (what do we have to lose if we get caught committing a crime)
3) Involvement (how busy are we)
4) Belief (Do we believe in and agree with society's rules)


No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all resources »