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Sociological Methods


Laboratory experiments
The main aspects of the experimental method can be illustrated by the following example. This experiment was
conducted to test the HYPOTHESIS or supposition that, `The speed of a boat depends on the shape of its hull'.
Controlling variables In order to discover the effect…

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Sociological Methods

factor which appeared to explain the increase in productivity was the workers' awareness that they were part of an
experiment ­ hence the term Hawthorne effect.
Experimenter bias People act in terms of how they perceive others. They will tend to respond differently if the
experimenter is young…


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