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  • Created on: 13-01-15 09:46

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1. There is no adequate religious answer to the problem of evil. Asses this view.
Adequate Not adequate
The Augustinian theodicy is consistent Concept of hell as part of the
with the biblical tradition of a wholly universes design implies foreseen
good creator God. flaw, therefore world not made
It is consistent with human experience perfect,
of cause and effect. I.e. sin leads to Scientific evidence disagrees with the
suffering. concept of a `fallen' nature.
Responsibility for suffering becomes Biological impossibilities of all human
humanities rather than Gods. beings `seminally present' in Adam.
The Irenaean Theodicy provides Evil not merely absence of good but
purpose for suffering. real entity/experience.
Compatible with scientific view of Questions omnibenevolence of God
evolution and natural selection. when purpose of life is to grow
Involves genuine human responsibility through suffering.
respecting human free will. Fails to explain uneven distribution of
Maintains belief that life after death suffering.
as suffering will be overcome in the If all go to heaven, there is no
next life. incentive to do good rather than evil.
2. `Animal, immense and innocent suffering prove that the God of classical Theism doesn't
exist' Asses this view.
For Against
The omnibenevolent/omnipotent Animals, immense and innocent
characteristics of God would prohibit suffering questions God's
animal, immense and innocent characteristics not his existence
suffering. Augustinian Theodicy explains animal
Animal suffering has not theological or and innocent suffering it terms of
philosophical basis in classical theism. distribution of natural order due to
Innocent suffering denies the concept fall and deserved punishment through
of a `just' God. Adam.
Immense suffering counters the The Irenaean Theodicy regards all
theological proofs of a suffering as necessary for moral and
designing/creating God of classical spiritual development.
theism. Proof of Gods existence rooting in
faith as well as natural theology ­evil
and suffering often interpreted as
tests of faith.
Animal, innocent and immense
suffering explained by free-will

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The Augustinian Theodicy successfully resolves the problem of evil'. Asses this view.
Successful Unsuccessful
Augustinian Theodicy is consistent Criticisms of theodicy based on
with the biblical tradition of wholly concepts relation to logical, scientific
good creator God. moral error.
Consistent with accounts in bible of Concept of hell as part of universes
fall and atonement. design implies foreseen flaw,
Consistent with human experience of therefore not made perfect.
cause and effect.…read more

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Augustine's theodicy is less convincing that that of Irenaeus.' Asses this view.
Less convincing More convincing
Scientific evidence disagrees with The Augustinian Theodicy is consistent
Augustine's concept of `fallen' nature. with the biblical tradition of a wholly
Biological impossibilities of good creator God.
Augustine's view that all humans were Religious believer can appreciate
`seminally present' in Adam. Augustine's view of a fallen creation
Evil not merely absence of good but therefore can be convincing to them
real entity/experience.…read more

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Fails to explain uneven distribution of Maintains belief in life after death as
suffering. suffering will be overcome in next life.
If all go to heaven there is no incentive Both satisfy believers from the
to do good rather than evil. Christian Tradition as ideas are
Both Theodicies presume the consistent with several Christian
benevolence of God, if this is rejected Doctrines.
then theodicies fail.…read more


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