Education

Brief Overview of Education Content

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  • Created on: 02-06-11 14:11
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EDUCATION
Socialisation agencies;
Family
Peer groups
Education
Mass media
Religious group
Children learning to act ­ fairy tales teach girls to be good, stories for boys to be active and keep
women out of danger, playing with toys teach how to act in an appropriate way in society.
EDUCATION POLICIES
The school system was set out by the government. Before 1870 children learnt by;
Family and friends
Church schools
Wealthy people paid for `informal education.'
Forster Act (1870)
State education didn't exist prior to this and whilst private education had existed, it was only
accessible to the wealthy.
Industrial time period ­ bill was passed immediately.
Created elementary schools ­ free education for 5 ­ 11 year olds.
BUT there were only elementary schools where there weren't church schools.
Butler Act (1944)
Restructured education radically, creating a formal state funded secondary sector. This was known as
the tripartite system as it consisted of three different types of secondary school.
1. Grammar schools are for academic people, GCE exams.
2. Secondary technical schools for those with a talent in mechanical, engineering or scientific
areas.
3. Secondary modern schools for those not suited to the other schools.
Based on the 11 plus
Comprehensivisation
1950s ­ Discontent grew with the way the tripartite system limited the opportunities available to
many students. Some local authorities (Sheffield) replaced them with comprehensive schools. All
abilities, all ethnicities and based on a catchment area. In 1965 the government officially began to
back the move to this form of schooling.

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Education Reform Act (1988)
Marketisation ­ an attempt to subject public services to market forces of supply and demand
to create competition, to create choice and to raise standards.
Parents to choose where to send children. It introduced league tables and prospectuses and
OFSTED began to produce publically available reports of each school.
Introduced National Curriculum. Standards Assessment Tests were introduced at the end of
each key stage.
Education post 1997
New Labour developed three types of schools;
1.…read more

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Structuralist views of institutions they examine society in terms of a system and explore how
institutions operate together to make society work. These structures make people behave in a
certain way.
Bowles and Gintis (1976) ­ Marxist thinkers
1. Both the school and the workplace are based on the same hierarchy.
2. Same patterns of obedience and power.
3. Share the same values ­ punctuality, hard work... etc.
4. External rewards ­ good rate of pay, good grades.
5.…read more

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CULTURAL AND MATERIAL DEPRIVATION
Cultural Deprivation ­ inadequacies in the socialisation process and the impact I has on achievement.
For example, cultural equipment language, attitudes and values, self-discipline.
Carl Berieter and Siegfried Emmelman (1996)
Found that w/class children used gestures, disjointed phrase and single words. E.g. innit and
cba.
WHY? Lazy, parents aren't educated improper socialisation. Parents fail to socialise their
children correctly. They don't develop language properly.…read more

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The impact of feminism.
1. Social movement that strives for female equal rights.
2. Had great success and improved female opportunities.
3. Angela McRobbie (1994) stated the improvements were reflected by media.…read more

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