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Educational Social Policy

Educational social policy: 19441979

The Education Act (1944) aimed to abolish classbased inequalities within education free for all. The
aim was to give everyone an equal opportunity. All children took an 11+ test in order to allocate
them to a school suited to their abilities. The…

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Comprehensive schools

Arguments for comprehensive education suggest that:

Private and grammar schools take most of the able pupils. But despite this, educational
standards like exam results have improved since the 1960s according to the National
Children's Bureau.
On average highability students make the same amount of progress in reading…

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They usually stream their pupils. Evidence shows that streaming has resulted in socialclass
segregation. Meaning that working class pupils are more likely to be found in lower streams
and thus being labelled as failures.
Comprehensive take pupils in based on catchment area. This often leads to `singleclass'
rather than…

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Create an education market

(i) Policies to increase employability

The New Right claimed that the British workforce lacked technical skills needed by industries and
that education should be relevant to work which is able to produce the skills required by industries
that would make Britain more competitive in the…

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Green's research indicated that the most schemes resulted in lowability trainees getting
low paid jobs which were mostly unskilled and insecure.
Vocational schemes create class divisions because they encourage the idea of w/c being
trained and getting into low paid jobs whilst m/c stay in education and get into…

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6. New systems of schools and college inspections were introduced e.g. OFSTED to make
sure that they met required standards.

(iii) To subject education to marketization

The marketization of education refers to the policy of bringing market forces (such as choice and
competition) into education.

Conservative governments encouraged diversity…

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that such schools can climb the league tables and become more attractive to m/c
2. Schools are funded according to how many pupils they attract. So popular schools get
more money and are able to afford quality resources and teaching staff. Unpopular
schools therefore have less money to…

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Grammar schools continue to exist and select and select on the basis of the 11+ test.
Labour made no attempt to abolish or reform private education.
To make sure standards and quality was being met schools that were underachieving were
named and shamed.

Labours educational policy was based on…

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The Role and Purpose of Education

The functions of education

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Functionalists see the function of education as benefitting society. However, Marxists believe that the
function of education is to benefit only the wealthy and powerful, i.e. the capitalist bourgeoisie. They
suggest that such functions have a damaging effect on the working class. Both functionalists and
Marxists agree that education…


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