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Clinical characteristics of AN
· Behavioural- Weight loss- refusal to
maintain body weight, drops below 85% of
weight for age and height.
· Cognitive- body image distortion.
· Somatic- absence of menstruation.
· Emotional- Anxiety of putting on more
weight.…read more

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General info of AN
· Causes physical decline:
· Affects 90% F and 10% M (however the number
of male anorexics is rising).
· Mortality rate of 8%, consuming 600-800 calories
per day.
· Ritualised eating and obsession with food.
· Unrealistic targets
· Stopping eating can lead to sense of control.
· Low self-esteem
· Health problems- heart degradation, hair
weakens and `falls off' scalp.…read more

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Behavioural explanations
· Social Cognitive Learning Approach
· Exposure to ultra thin models > Role models are
rewarded by appraisal and interest > Imitation of role
model > Approval and praise = reinforcement.
· Streigel-Moore & Bulik (2007)
· 1. Girls internalise cultural standards of female beauty
· 2. Tension between real self + ideal self
· 3. Dissatisfaction with body weight + shape
· 4. Dieting + obsession with food
· 5. Vulnerable girls develop eating disorders…read more

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Supporting research for
behavioural explanation
· Becker (2003)- increase in EDs in Fiji after the
introduction of TV in 1995.
· biased sample and only correlation therefore no cause
and effect.
· Nasser (1986)- studied Egyptian women studying in
London and Cairo. 12%-London developed AN, 0%-
Cairo developed AN.
· Keel and Klump cross cultural meta-analysis. Found that
there is a higher incidence of AN in westernised cultures.
· The implications of these studies is that AN is culturally
specific.…read more

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Behavioural approach- Link to
gender development
· The anorexic individual strive to achieve
happiness and order- media influences the
association between thinness (ultra thin
models) with: sexual activity, beauty, love
and wealth.
· Behar (2001)- this creates an internal
conflict between self and ideal self. The
individual tries to live up to expectations
however the struggle leads to tension.…read more

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