Disablity notes for AQA A2 socio

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  • Created by: Amy Leech
  • Created on: 09-04-13 20:41
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There are over eleven million people with a limiting long term illness, impairment or disability
in Great Britain
The prevalence of disability rises with age. Around 6 per cent of children are disabled,
compared to 15 per cent of working age adults and 45 per cent of adults over State Pension
age in Great Britain.
2008: 89% of disabled people felt there was discrimination and prejudice towards disabled
people in the UK- key factor in lack of opportunity/ expectation for disabled people
DAVIES: Most sociological research in this field has been carried out by disabled sociologists
Able-bodied sociologist have in comparison shown little interest in how society stratifies by disability
1) Few sociologists are disabled themselves
2) Disability provokes complex emotional responses in the non-disable, `mixture of guilt, fear,
revulsion, anxiety, pity and embarrassment'. Easiest way to deal? Avoid

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Most sociologists have dismissed disability as a medical rather than sociological problem
worthy of social research.…read more

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Marginalisation and oppression of disabled people takes a unique form in Western capitalist
Pre-industrial, agricultural societies attitudes to disabled were very different- key role in
economic life of communities
Industrialisation and factory system resulted in intensive labour processes, as a result worth
of individuals came to be assessed according to their economic value
Paid employment, became main source of identity and status
HYDE: Dominant ideology of capitalism was `competitive individualism'
Chronically sick and disabled considered to have an inferior status to…read more

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For the Paralympics to have a long-lasting legacy, services for disabled people would
have to be improved, with public transport in particular needing major investment to
meet the needs of disabled people in the country
Disapproval of government's welfare policies indicates a slash in support for disabled
The social model and Marxism note UK is NOT a meritocracy in regards to opportunities for
disabled people
HYDE: anti-disabled prejudice underpins everyday beliefs/language/mass media
Institutional: Educational, welfare, health, legal systems
RYAN and THOMAS (1980): Disabled…read more

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Potential for self- fulfilling prophecy- disabled learn dependency/ helplessness is expected
of them
HYDE: Disabled have very few role models to aspire to- negative self-identity- lack
OLIVER and BARNES: `To become `disabled' is to be assigned a new identity'
20 per cent of individuals in families with at least one disabled member live in relative income
poverty, on a Before Housing Costs basis, compared to 15 per cent of individuals in families
with no disabled member
22 per cent of children in…read more

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Disabled people are significantly more likely to be victims of crime than non-disabled people.
This gap is largest amongst 16-34 year-olds where 39 per cent of disabled people reported
having been a victim of crime compared to 28 per cent of non-disabled people
Disabled people are less likely than their non-disabled peers to think the Criminal Justice
System (CJS) is fair.…read more

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OLIVER: notes disabled are often excluded from political process
Inappropriate services are often the result with decisions being made by able-bodied
politicians with limited awareness/ understanding
HYDE: This has resulted in disabled people's movement- based on social mode of disability
Challenged negative stereotypes by becoming organised
Has resulted in Disability Discrimination Act/ programming aimed at disabled
Official bodies are more willing to accept the social model- the governments department of Health
subscribes to it.…read more



Thank you so much for this. I had no notes what so ever on this. :-)

Pete Langley - Get Revising founder

Well presented and detailed notes on this important but often neglected area of inequality.

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