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DISABILITY AND STRATIFICATION










There are over eleven million people with a limiting long term illness, impairment or disability
in Great Britain
The prevalence of disability rises with age. Around 6 per cent of children are disabled,
compared to 15 per cent of working age adults and 45 per cent of…

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3) Most sociologists have dismissed disability as a medical rather than sociological problem
worthy of social research. Tend to see disability as a result of individual circumstance rather
than a product of society/ social issue

DEFINING DISABILITY
MEDICAL MODEL:

Approach focuses almost exclusively on impairment and therefore sees the difficulties…

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MARXIST THEORY
OLIVER:

Marginalisation and oppression of disabled people takes a unique form in Western capitalist
societies
Pre-industrial, agricultural societies attitudes to disabled were very different- key role in
economic life of communities
Industrialisation and factory system resulted in intensive labour processes, as a result worth
of individuals came to…

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For the Paralympics to have a long-lasting legacy, services for disabled people would
have to be improved, with public transport in particular needing major investment to
meet the needs of disabled people in the country
Disapproval of government's welfare policies indicates a slash in support for disabled
people

INEQUALITY
The…

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3) Potential for self- fulfilling prophecy- disabled learn dependency/ helplessness is expected
of them

HYDE: Disabled have very few role models to aspire to- negative self-identity- lack
self-confidence/esteem

OLIVER and BARNES: `To become `disabled' is to be assigned a new identity'

LIVING STANDARDS
20 per cent of individuals in families…

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Disabled people are significantly more likely to be victims of crime than non-disabled people.
This gap is largest amongst 16-34 year-olds where 39 per cent of disabled people reported
having been a victim of crime compared to 28 per cent of non-disabled people
Disabled people are less likely than their…

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POLITICAL PROCESS
OLIVER: notes disabled are often excluded from political process

Inappropriate services are often the result with decisions being made by able-bodied
politicians with limited awareness/ understanding

HYDE: This has resulted in disabled people's movement- based on social mode of disability

Challenged negative stereotypes by becoming organised
Has resulted…

Comments

rani

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Thank you so much for this. I had no notes what so ever on this. :-)

Pete Langley - Get Revising founder

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Well presented and detailed notes on this important but often neglected area of inequality.

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