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Unit 4: Death and the Afterlife
Qualities of Allah

1. Creator of the world and everything it
2. Transcendent ­ eternal, beyond time and space
3. Omnipotent
4. Omnipresent
5. Benevolent
6. Omniscient

3 Levels of Faith

If 1 aspect is missing, the Muslim is not faithful enough.
1. Conviction…

Page 2

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1. Soul = `ruh', the true person
2. Soul makes the decision, the body executes it
3. Person is judged on their deeds ­ life on Earth is a test
4. Soul and body are separate = dualism.
Death for a GOOD MUSLIM: peaceful (`ruh' is anxious to meet Allah…

Page 3

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1. The dying repeats final words of the prophet: "Allah, help me through the hardship and agony
of this death."
2. Friends and relatives gather around dying person ( Islam emphasizes on community, not prefer
loneliness, certainly not for the nearly dead.)
3. The dying asks for forgiveness and blessings…

Page 4

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2. Should have a time limit, do not mourn for too long (4 months 10 days at most for spouse) Islam
teaches:
Death should be accepted with trust and faith
Death is Allah's wish and plan
Upon death, the individual could spend his Akhirah in Jahannam where he endures purification,…

Page 5

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2. "And the trumpet will be blown...out of their graves towards their Sustainer will they all rush
forth!" Surah 36:51
The living will fall down senseless and the dead will rise to join them.
Allah sees all as equal judges at the same level
3. On Yawmuddin, which happens in…

Page 6

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11. The Qur'an descirbes Jahannam as a place of torment under the Earth's crust where the guilty is
forced to endure burning winds, boiling water and black smoke ­ worst torture and suffering
12. "I warn you of flaming fire. None shall be cast into it but the most wretched,…

Page 7

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YES, He should:
1. Forgiveness should not be restricted to certain individuals only, ALL sinners (Inc. People who
committed shirk should be forgiven?)

NO, He should not:
1. Allah is already very merciful and loving:
Muslims could improve as they move up the levels of Heaven
2. Only those who…

Page 8

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NDEs prove nothing, reliability?
(Visions are a result of brain's chemical activity
when short of oxygen)
Hope: Live for now, deal with whatever follows when it
There is better to come comes ­ don't care
Offers and escape/reward from present
suffering
Union with God, resurrection Doubt because we don't actually…

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Miss KHP

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A VERY HELPFUL RESOURCE if you are studying Islam at GCSE.

I suggest you print these out and make your own notes over them or highlight them yourself.

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