Day care studies

information on the key studies for day care

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Day care
There are 2 types f day care: nursery and childminding. There is concern that day
care may have negative effects on a Childs development. For example:
High turnover of staff may lead to deprivation of attachments.
Being separated from mum can cause issues e.g the case f John and his
attachment to a teddy bear
There is a positive correlation between day care and levels of aggression
Removing children from parents during critical period could cause emotional
or social harm.
Studies into the effect of day care on aggression or peer relationships
EPPE 1 (effective provision of preschool education)
Conducted in the UK by Sylva et al.
They used children aged 3-11, 3000 were involved in the study. A control
group of children who stayed at home was also used. They also included a
large range of cultural backgrounds.
This means that there is high population validity, as a wide range of cultures
and a large sample was used so it's more likely to be able to be applied to
other cultures. However, this study is longitudinal so it could suffer from
attrition (when people decide to leave the experiment), resulting in the
results being underestimated.
High quality day care meant that it affected the children by giving them a
better sociability, concentration and independence.
It improved a child's social, intellectual and behavioural development.
The earlier a child started day care the bigger the improvement it had on
their intellectual development.
This suggests that day care is a good thing.
The more time a child spent in day care the more adults rate them as
aggressive, disobedient and assertive.
Children who attended full time day care were 3 times more likely to argue,
have a temper tantrum, lie and hit others.
A limitation of this type of study is that it doesn't tell us that day care
causes aggression.

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Different results were found to Belsky (see next paragraph) as she found
that children who attended day care advanced their social development.
They were more independent, well behaved whilst eating, complied with
requests, and had better interactions with friends.
These different findings mean that different children may react to day
care in different ways. Also, we don't know exactly why day care effects
social development.…read more


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