First 198 words of the document:
Loftus & Palmer:
- Although eye witness testimony is very
convincing to juries, research into memory
Cognitive an example of the
suggests there are factors which may make
-Information received during an event, and
language and memory.
after an event shapes memory of event.
- Question asked whether humans are the only
species who comprehend and use language.
communicative use by
- Autism is childhood disorder which impairs
social interaction, communication and repetitive
behaviour. Baron Cohen proposes cognitive
explanation of autism failure to develop
theory of mind.
Baron Cohen et al: A
- Theory of mind: inability to predict the mind of
theory of Mind
others, how they might react, seeing things
from their perspective.
- Sally-Anne Test originally devised to test
theory of mind, but did not test advanced
theory of mind in adults.
Approach Studies Strengths Weaknesses
Other pages in this set
Here's a taster:
Loftus and Palmer Tendency to use scientific and What a person is thinking can only be
Cognitive Baron-Cohen et al controlled procedures inferred
Savage-Rumbaug Contributions in understanding Computer analogy leads to a reductionist/
h cognitive processes mechanistic approach
Assumption - Attempts to explain behaviour in terms of mental processes and how we make sense of information we receive
Cognitive through our senses.…read more
Here's a taster:
Baron-Cohen To investigate if high-functioning adults Quasi Experiment Three groups: - Subjects with autism or
with autism lack advanced theory of mind - 16 subjects, 13 male, 3 female, Asperger's Syndrome were
skills. Independent Measures & high functioning autism. Normal significantly impaired on this task
Matched Pairs Design intelligence. Recruited from compared to a group of age-
variety of sources: autism matched normal adults and a
magazine "Communication". clinical control group with
- 50 normal age-matched adults, Tourette's Syndrome.…read more