Cognitive Approach & Studdies Summery

Cognitive

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  • Created on: 31-05-11 18:39
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Important Background
Studies
Research/Information/Theories
Loftus & Palmer:
- Although eye witness testimony is very
Reconstruction of
convincing to juries, research into memory
automobile destruction:
Cognitive an example of the
suggests there are factors which may make
them unreliable.
interaction between
-Information received during an event, and
language and memory.
after an event shapes memory of event.
Savage Rumbaugh:
Spontaneous symbol
- Question asked whether humans are the only
acquisition and
species who comprehend and use language.
communicative use by
pygmy chimpanzees.
- Autism is childhood disorder which impairs
social interaction, communication and repetitive
behaviour. Baron Cohen proposes cognitive
explanation of autism ­ failure to develop
theory of mind.
Baron Cohen et al: A
- Theory of mind: inability to predict the mind of
theory of Mind
others, how they might react, seeing things
from their perspective.
- Sally-Anne Test originally devised to test
theory of mind, but did not test advanced
theory of mind in adults.
Approach Studies Strengths Weaknesses

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Loftus and Palmer Tendency to use scientific and What a person is thinking can only be
Cognitive Baron-Cohen et al controlled procedures inferred
Savage-Rumbaug Contributions in understanding Computer analogy leads to a reductionist/
h cognitive processes mechanistic approach
Assumption - Attempts to explain behaviour in terms of mental processes and how we make sense of information we receive
Cognitive through our senses.…read more

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Baron-Cohen To investigate if high-functioning adults Quasi ­ Experiment Three groups: - Subjects with autism or
with autism lack advanced theory of mind - 16 subjects, 13 male, 3 female, Asperger's Syndrome were
skills. Independent Measures & high functioning autism. Normal significantly impaired on this task
Matched Pairs Design intelligence. Recruited from compared to a group of age-
variety of sources: autism matched normal adults and a
magazine "Communication". clinical control group with
- 50 normal age-matched adults, Tourette's Syndrome.…read more

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