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Theme 1 & 2
Case Studies
Year 10 2012


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ACCESS to SERVICES: Castle Green

in a built environment
Theme 1--Challenge of living
REDEVELOPMENT: London Docklands

DEVELOPMENT--London 2012 Olympic site, Stratford
URBAN CHANGES in LEDCs: Sao Paulo, Brazil. (Improving shanty
towns) OR Johannesburg, South Africa
RURAL to URBAN MIGRATION: Limpopo to Johannesburg, South Africa


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Access to Urban Services in an MEDC--Castle Green, Dagenham

Advantages of living in urban areas is that you get access to a range of useful services:
Leisure and sports facilities
Cultural venues (museums, galleries, theatres)
Heath services (clinics and hospitals)
A range of schools, colleges and universities
Places of worship…

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London Docklands
During the 19th Century and up to the 1950's London was the busiest port in the world. Because of improvements
in technology the docks were virtually abandoned and became derelict. By 1981 the area had very few jobs, the
docks had closed and over half the land was…

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General idea:
Urban planners in MEDC's are trying to focus development on "sustainability" which
- encouraging economic growth whilst protecting the environment
- reducing poverty
- managing resource consumption
- providing all people with equal opportunities

London 2012 is committed to creating venues and
infrastructure in a sustainable…

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Over 100 million people living in cities in LEDC's have no shelter of any kind, whilst over a third live in
squatter settlements. Most local authorities would probably prefer to remove shanty settlements
from their cities but few can find the necessary resources that would be needed to provide alterna-…

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Rural to Urban Migration
The movement of people from the countryside to
towns and cities.

Location: The largest city in the province of Limpo-
po only has 90,000 people and more than 90% of
people live in rural areas.

Most people are leaving from the rural areas of Limpopo…

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What is Counter-Urbanisation?
Counter-urbanisation is the movement out of cities to the surrounding more rural areas. It has recently been happening in many
MEDC areas.
There are six reasons for counter-urbanisation
Growth in transport and communications mean people no longer have to live where they work. Motorways and increased

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Standard of Living: A measure of relative wealth.
Within a country there may be huge differences in standard of living, due to the access to services,
availability of jobs, infrastructure and historical problems.

Location: Ghana is located in West Africa. It has a southern coast.

Background: Ghana was once ruled…

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Location: Barking and Dagenham, East London

Background: Within this borough there is a wide variety of areas with different access to
services and access to housing. This results in varying quality of life and standard of living
throughout the borough.

Access to housing
High rise apartment blocks
1-2 bedrooms


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