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CARBOXYLIC ACIDS
Functional group ­COOH
Carbonyl group (C=O) and hydroxyl group (-OH)
Named using suffix ­oic acid


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
High boiling temperatures due to ­OH group
allowing intermolecular hydrogen bonds
Soluble in polar solvents such as water
because hydrogen bonds can be formed
Strong smells


PREPARATION OF ACIDS
1. Oxidation…

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REACTIONS
Reaction with water to give carboxylate anion and H3O+ ion
Formation of halogenoacid and HCl from carboxylic acid and chlorine
o Chlorine bubbled into boiling carboxylic acid
o Free-radical substitution
o UV light used as a catalyst
Reduction to primary alcohols (and water)
o Lithium aluminium hydride (LiAlH4)
o…

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