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Carbohydrates:
The general formula for all carbohydrates is Cx(H2O)n
Sugars can be monosaccharaides (mono=one sugar unit) with the general formula of (CH2O)n [n being the number of
carbon atoms]

or disaccharides (di=two sugar units).
Long chains of sugar units form polysaccharides (poly=many) such as starch (plants), cellulose (plants) and
glycogen…

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lactose is a sugar found in milk and is made up from galactose and glucose in a condensation reaction that
releases water. Lactose is hydrolysed (takes in water) to turn it into galactose and glucose to make it safe for
lactose-intolerant people to drink.


Polysaccharides:
These are polymers of simple…

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