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Biochemistry
Carbohydrates

Uses include:


1. Providing energy and regulation of blood glucose
2. Sparing the use of proteins for energy
3. Breakdown of fatty acids and preventing ketosis
4. Biological recognition processes
5. Flavour and Sweeteners
6. Dietary fibre
These only contain Carbon, Oxygen and Hydrogen and include monomers, dimers…

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reverse, hydrolysis involves the addition of water to break bonds.




There are three common disaccharides:
· Maltose (or malt sugar) is glucose 1-4 glucose. It is formed on digestion of starch by
amylase, because this enzyme breaks starch down into two-glucose units. Brewing beer
starts with malt, which is a…

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Both are broken down by amylase to produce maltose, but at different rates.

· Glycogen: Monomer is alpha glucose. Similar structurally to amylopectin, poly glucose 1-4.
Made by animals as a storage polysaccharide found mainly in muscle and the liver, because
of its numerous branches, it can be broken down…

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