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HOTSPOT CASE STUDIES:

Hotspot Climate type Biome type Biodiversity Threats Conservation
name

Madagascan Tropical along Tropical Total of eight plant families, four bird families, and five Because humans Madagascar, the
and Indian the coast, rainforest primate families that are endemic to Madagascar. More than did not arrive on government is…

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region, a original vegetation the president of
northern of Madagascar Madagascar, Marc
transition zone remains, with most Ravalomanana
between the remaining forests announced plans to
western dry found along the triple protected
forest and the eastern, western, area coverage over
eastern and southern the next five years
rainforest coasts. and…

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are growing
threats.
Introduction of
invasive alien
species, brought as
food sources, pets,
or for pest
control. Rats, cats
and mongooses
have devastated
populations of
birds and small
reptiles, while
grazing rabbits,
goats, pigs, and
deer have denuded
many landscapes

Cape Mediterranean Mediterranean Only hotspot that encompasses an entire floral…

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Human Population Density (people/km 2) 51 cut flowers, and, of the lowlands,
2
Area Protected (km ) 10.859 of course, which are the most
Area Protected (km 2) in Categories IIV* 10.154
vineyards pose a vulnerable, are
significant threat under some form of
to the remaining protection.
vegetation.
Urban Although…

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Australia, the native vegetation
Mediterranean and protection of
Basin, and watersheds. The
California have program has
created 3,600 jobs
been introduced
in the region and
into the region to
led to the clearing
supplement the of nearly 500 km²
few tree species of alien growth,
native to the Cape. one…

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pristine condition, the Cape Floristic
being free of Region World
invasive alien Heritage Site, one
plants and subject of which includes
Kirstenbosch
to appropriate fire
National Botanical
regimes
Garden, the first
time that a
botanical garden
has been
recognized as a
world heritage site
for its biodiversity.
The areas included…

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It is hoped that
UNESCO listing will
help to encourage
the 'biodiversity
economy' in the
region, and will
promote
eco-tourism and
better planning and
management of the
region's incredibly
rich natural
resources,
protected areas,
and scenic
landscapes for the
benefit of all
South Africans.
Already, the Cape
Action Plan for…

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Cederberg and
Gouritz, and to
build the capacity
of previously
disadvantaged local
conservationists.

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