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Perfect Tense (1) ­ something which happened in the past
The perfect tense is formed as follows:
An auxiliary verb (avoir or être)
+
The past participle of the main verb
Regular verbs form their past participles as follows:
Verbs ending in ­er: take off ­er and add é
e.g regardé ­ watched
Verbs ending in ­re : take off ­re and add u
e.g attendu ­ waited
Verbs ending in ­ir : take off ­ir
e.g. fini: finished
Irregular verbs need to be learnt separately…read more

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Perfect Tense (2)
The majority of verbs form their perfect tense with avoir:
J'ai nous avons
tu as vous avez
il/elle/on a ils/elles ont
e.g J'ai visité le musée ­ I visited the museum
13 verbs form their perfect tense with être (usually involving movement /
change of state):
Je suis nous sommes
tu es vous êtes
il/elle/on est ils/elles sont
e.g Je suis allé au cinéma ­ I went to the cinema
Reflexive verbs also use être
e.g Je me suis couché(e) ­ I went to bed
N.B. With être verbs in the perfet tense, add ­e to the past participle for
feminine, add ­s for plural and add ­es for feminine plural…read more

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Imperfect Tense
The imperfect tense can be used to describe what things were like in the
past, what was happening at a given moment and what used to happen
e.g Je regardais ­ I was watching / I used to watch
To form the imperfect tense you take the `nous' form of the present
tense, remove the `ons' and add the endings.
Imperfect tense endings are as follows:
Je ais nous ions
tu ais vous iez
il/elle/on ait ils/elles aient
e.g J'avais un chien ­ I used to have a dog
For être (to be) the imperfect endings are added onto the stem ét-
e.g J' étais triste ­ I was sad
C'était chouette ­ It was great…read more

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Pluperfect Tense
The pluperfect tense is used to report events that took place before another
event in the past / something that had happened. It is made up of 2 parts:
The imperfect tense of avoir or être
+
The past participle of the main verb
e.g. J'avais donné - I had given / J' étais allé - I had gone
Useful phrases to learn:
J'avais déjà vu le film I had already seen the film
Nous avons passé les vacances dans We spent the holidays at a campsite
un camping en France. Mon père in France. My father had booked a
avait réservé un bon emplacement good pitch
Le jour de mon anniversiare j'ai reçu On my birthday I got the money
l'argent que mes parents m'avaient that my parents had promised me
promis…read more

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Near Future Tense
This is used to talk about what is going to happen in the future
e.g. je vais regarder
It is formed with:
The present tense of the verb aller
+
The infinitive of the main verb
e.g Je vais aller au cinéma ­ I'm going to the cinema
Elle va avoir un bébé - she's going to have a baby
aller
je vais nous allons
tu vas vous allez
il/elle/on va ils/elles vont…read more

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