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Features and Background
of Baroque Music
Ornamentation
Basso Continuo
Terraced Dynamics
Major/ Minor Tonality
Baroque Period 1600-1750
This is a Chorus, taken from an Oratorio
(setting of religious words for solo singers,
chorus and orchestra)…read more

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Tonality and Harmony
Ton Dominant of
ic Dominant
Alan Eats Bananas
Dominant
· Major keys throughout- Joyful Mood
·Begins and ends in A major.
·There are two sections in E major (the dominant), the
second of which modulates to B major (the dominant of
the dominant).
·Diatonic, using mainly root-position and first-inversion
chords
·Fast Harmonic Rhythm
·Dissonances are created by the use of suspensions and
melodic decoration.
·Mostly perfect cadences, but occasionally uses imperfect
ones, and a dramatic plagal cadence at the end.…read more

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Instrumentation
SATB Choir
Oboes, bassoons, trumpets and timpani drum
Strings
The strings mainly double the voices,
sometimes in a different octave
Continuo
The harpsichord player improvises an
accompaniment derived from the figured
bass.
The double bass part is the same as the cello
but it sounds an octave lower.
The range of notes in each part is fairly
limited.…read more

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Metre, Rhythm and Tempo
Metre
3/4
hemiolas (two bars articulated as three bars of
duple metre).
Rhythm
Occasional use of dotted rhythms and crotchet
syncopation.
Longer note values -"for the mouth of the Lord
hath spoken it".
Tempo
Allegro
Crotchet or quaver movement keeps the
rhythm moving forward.
Ending
(a total silence followed by a sustained cadence)…read more

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Melody
Four Melodic Ideas each based on one line
of the Libretto...
1. "And the glory of the lord"
First heard in Altos
Syllabic
Based on triad of tonic (A major)
2. "Shall be revealed"
Melismatic
Descending sequences (Imitation)
3. "And all flesh shall see it together"
Repeated idea
4. "For the mouth of the lord hath spoken it"
Augmented note values
Same Pitch
Emphasise gravity of "lord"…read more

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