American West Checklist

What You need to know for SHP American West ( Edexcel and other boards) 

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  • Created on: 20-03-12 20:32
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American West Checklist Notes
Buffalo uses ­ hooves = glue
Tongue = hairbrush
Meat = pemmican ­ lasting food
Ceremonies and dances were important to Indians as they honoured and
worshipped the Great Spirit. They were also used in times of celebration or
in mourning.
Manifest destiny was an important factor in encouraging settlers to move
Mountain men guided early settlers, explored the west, discovered new
routes like the Oregon Trail, sometimes married Indian wives such as Jim
Bridger and trapped and sold wild animals for money.
Immigrants went west in wagon trains because they could carry supplies,
they were relatively safe and railways were not invented at that time.
A cattle drive was the process of herding cattle from one place to another.
They drove their meat to the northern markets as they could fetch a higher
price there. Sometimes they would take it part the way and then by
railroad, others they would drive it to cow towns such as Abilene.
In cow towns, cattle were taken and the owners would trade with n. buyers-
they often had a lot of crime.
Lawmen were meant to prevent crime and keep people safe.
There were law and order problems because ­
Economic reasons for people to fall out i.e. feeling their living or
business was being threatened.
The West was a vast area. Communication was slow, making it hard to
enforce law and order.
New towns sprang up quickly, and so were without law enforcement for
a while.
There was a shortage of reliable law men. They could often be
intimidated or bribed.
Ethnic minorities often caused tension because of their different beliefs.

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With improved transport, law enforcers were able to cut down the
Some law enforcers worked hard to improve law and order in their area.
Many people had a sense that law and order would win out, even if it
took time.
Many people worked hard to civilise the area that they lived in.
A lot of the disputes over land and resources were settled in time.
The power of the cattle barons was broken.…read more

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Why they were successful ­
In 1847, the Mormons arrived at the Great Salt Lake. There was nothing
else there!!!
They had to `make the desert bloom'!
Young had total control ­the people believed he was inspired by God, and
did as he said.
There was no private ownership of land or water.
Mormons worked together to build an irrigation system.
Each family was allocated a plot of land and a time for drawing water.
By the spring of 1848, they were starving.…read more

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In 1864, Colonel Chivington attacked the camp of Cheyenne and Arapaho
at Sand Creek.
Black Kettle thought he had army protection, and Chivington said he did
not know of any protection promised to the Indians.
In the enquiry that followed, Chivington was disgraced for carrying out
the massacre, and both sides wanted to end the conflict.
Negotiators wanted to make deals with the Indians.
Exterminators wanted to destroy them.…read more

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The US was now determined to avenge the death of Custer, and
defeat the Indians.
Although a great Indian victory, it was to hasten their end (see
point 3).
The Indians had lost the Black Hills forever, and were forced back
onto reservations.
In 1890, the Ghost Dance began.
It was inspired by the vision of Wokova, and by the desperation of the
Indians on the reservations.…read more

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The US army used tactics such as attacking in winter when Indians were most
The Indians lost because they were forced out of their way of life.
The wagon trains face problems such as disease, hard weather, tough terrain ,
money shortage and lack of organisation or knowledge of the area resulting in
death.…read more


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