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There are six Alkali Metals:
Lithium
Sodium
Potassium
Rubidium
Caesium
Francium

Alkali metals have low melting points. As we go down the group the melting and boiling points
decrease and the reactivity increases.

Reaction of Alkali Metals and Water




Alkali metals are stored under oil as they react vigorously with…

Page 2

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Alkali metals react with non-metals to form ionic compounds. This means that the alkali metal
loses one electron to form a metal ion with a positive charge. The product is a white solid that
dissolves in water to form a colourless solution.

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