1945 1990


Access to History notes briefly up until Thatcher coming into power in 1979.

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  • Created on: 17-05-14 18:27
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Did the Attlee government succeed or fail?
Success Failed
P: Fulfilled their manifesto of their implementation of P: Failed to open education for all
welfare reforms from cradle to the grave and attacked the E: The 11+ exam was only suitable for the brighter
five giants. students however, the other students tended to get
E: Want was ended by the Family Act of 1945, idleness pushed to the side
was ended by full employment which was done by the
industrial injuries act providing care for accidents in the
work place. Disease ended by a comprehensive P: Squalor lack of houses build
healtservice (the NHS act of 1948) E: Shortage of materials and lack of time
Ignorance was ended by an effective education system
(Education act 1944 ­ Butler act) Squalar was ended by P:Keynes money wasn't enough to help the government
clearance and rehousing (National Assistance act helped E: This subsequently led to the devaluation of the pound
to deal with poverty) ­ this was the hardest to attack due
P: Nationalisation overall didn't run too well
to not building enough houses
E: Road and transport in 1947 and also the refusal of the
BMA to accept the new government being in control of
P: The ability for the government to secure a loan whilst in them like `civil servants' until Bevan stuffed their mouths
extreme debt with gold
E: Keynesian plan
P: Financial problems
P: Boosted the economy E: The government accumulated a debt of £4198 million
(partially inherited and built upon)
E: Devaluation of the pound kept inflation down and
Balance of payment crisis (19456 Britain spent £750
subsequently increased exports million abroad more than it received)
Invisible exports had shrunk £248m in 1938 to £120m in
P: Incorporating the people in the running of systems 1946
E: Nationalisation
P: The ability for people to claim on the NHS without a
P: means test was not beneficial for the government
E: Many people suffered from dandruff syndrome just
E: Marshall aid by Bevin
coming to the hospital because it was there not because
they needed it
Butskelism ­ Butler and Gaitskell's economy policy similarity
Similar Different
They put together their policies (they joined together to Edward Boyle (conservative wanted to get rid of the 11+)
form a consensus)
E: In the early 1950s Tories didn't prioritise education
E: Such as finance, the economy and welfare state spending
P: Both committed to the Butler act (Education 11+) E: Conservatives inherited the Welfare state but didn't
change anything
P: Both happy with the new NHS consultants working with
the NHS

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Achievements of the Attlee government 1945 ­ 51
Intro: Attlee faced many financial and economic difficulties throughout his Prime Minister ship some of which
were inherited, such as the debt incurred post war. However, the government achieved a relative degree of
activity and success.…read more

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Recovered from 1945 defeat and came back stronger
Churchill and Eden governments 1951 ­ 7
Churchill 1951 ­ 5
Rationing was ended
Positive on the conservatives behalf elevated the feeling of wartime austerity which Labour was
associated with and Tories previously
Denationalisation of iron and steel
Went down well with the public and the workers due to the companies going
Commitment to building 300,000 homes a year
Reversed Labours squalor failure and inability to build the housing due to lack of material
Butskellism (see the…read more

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Supported Eden but did it secret so it didn't damage his image
Sharper political sense
Good public speaker
Liberal approach to legal and social issues
Homicide act 1957 ­ ended the death penalty
Tories were willing to modify traditional values
Economic policy 1957 ­ 64
Mixed economy (both nationalised and private keeps everyone happy)
Loose form of Keynesianism
Wanted to avoid deflation and inflation
Lowered taxes and interest rates (budget policy)
Increase in imports from abroad
Loose economic plan no strategy ­ stop go…read more

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EEC de Gaulle said `non' ­ France found Britain humiliating
Britain joined out of fear predominately (couldn't work alone)
Faults of the Conservatives:
Stop go policies no coherent economic policy
No structured financial strategy ­ used budgets and taxes for buying votes at election time
Failure to invest in R&D
E.g ­ stagflation in mid 1960s poorest growth rates amongst other countries
Property owning democracy wasn't a genuine endeavour
E.…read more

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Unsure of how far socialist they should become
Life is better with the Conservatives. Don't let Labour ruin it.…read more

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Reasons for labours victory
Scandals tainted the Tories image 1963 ­ 4
Unemployment reached over 800,000 (Britain never had it so good ­ yeah right)
EEC rejection showed how weak Britain was internationally
Younger image of the Labour party
Wilson was much more impressing to the eye vs. Home
Skilful election campaign from Labour withit and hip
Labours difficulties
Constant economic difficulties Britain was facing a social and economic shift
E.g. ­ manufacturing industries were shrinking as service and finance industries were increasing
E.g.…read more

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Party of devaluation ­ Attlee 1949
Callaghan stood down as Chancellor of the Exchequer
TU were angry Wilson tried to blame them over it
Number of days lost to strikes were increasing in 1951 1million days in 1970 10 million days
EEC 2nd application1967
Economic fears at home prompted another application
36Labour MPs were against it
De Gaulle vetoed again as he felt Britain would interfere too much
In Place of Strife 1969
Set up to prevent future strikes
Members would have to vote for…read more

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Open University 1969
Wilson claimed his greatest achievement
Divorce Act 1969
Irretrievable breakdown of relationship
All modernised Britain ­ Roy Jenkins work Home Sec 1965 ­ 57
James Callaghan continued on
Permissive age? ­ Social irresponsibility? Jenkins said no, civilised age
E.g.…read more

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Edward Heath 1970 ­ 74
Expansive policies
E.g. ­ `Reduce the rise in prices, increase productivity and reduce unemployment'
Selsdon man policy ­ pro market individual
Wilson said `you're on your own'
Industrial Relations Act 1971
Extension of in place of strife
No helping of `lame ducks'
Increased cuts in government spending
Withdrawal of free school milk from primary's ­ made them unpopular
E.g.…read more


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