English grammar word classes

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Isophie26
  • Created on: 24-10-16 11:49
View mindmap
  • Word classes
    • Nouns: A noun is a word that refers to a thing , person or place etc.
      • Proper nouns : Nouns that are specific / need a capital letter (names and places .
      • Common noun : They are non-specific .
        • Abstract nouns :Refer to things that do not exist .
        • Concrete nouns : Refer to things that exist physically.
        • Collective nouns : Refer to groups of things .
    • Adjectives : Placed in front of the noun they are describing . when placed after the noun , the verbs "is "or "was" will be used .
      • Comparative form : "er" on the end . eg. Fast =faster
      • Superlative form : "est" on the end .eg. Fast=fastest
      • Possessive adjectives : Used with nouns or noun phrases .
      • Types of adjectives :
        • Descriptive Adjective : (size, shape, colour , material , height , depth , weight .
        • Evaluative adjective: Adjectives that are biased and give off positive /negative imagery .
        • Emotive adjectives : They convey a strongly emotional opinion .
    • Verbs: A verb is the focus of the clause .
      • Dynamic : Refers to action
      • Stative : to state something .
      • Types of verbs
        • Auxiliary verbs : A verb that supports or helps another .
        • Imperative verbs: command verbs .
        • Modal verbs : They are never used on their own . They express possibility , certainty etc. .
    • Adverbs : Adverbs are often used to make the meaning of the verb stronger or weaker .
      • Types of adverbs :
        • Manner : how something is done .
        • Time : when something is done .
        • Frequency : how often something is done .
        • Place : Where or in what direction something is done .
        • Degree : to what extent something is done .
        • comment : adding an opinion to a clause or phrase .
        • Linking : used as connectives .
    • Articles : An article proceeds before a noun - The = definite article , "A" or "An" = indefinite article .
      • Determiners: Proceeds a noun can be an article or these , my , this , its , our , some , both etc .
      • Compound words : two or more root words joined together . eg. Girlfriend .
    • Conjunctions
      • Subordinating : Introduces a subordinate clause and ties it in to main clause .
      • correlative : A pair of conjunctions that must be used together .

Comments

ollieleanne

Report

Fab! Would be more helpful if there were some examples :)

Similar English resources:

See all English resources »See all grammar resources »