Why were Labour unsuccessful 1980s-1990s

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  • Why were Labour unsuccessful 1980s-1990s
    • The SDP
      • broke away from Labour over Europe
      • meant Labour lost votes in the 1983 election
      • Shirley Williams, Roy Jenkins, David Owen & Bill Rodgers
      • nicknamed the 'Gang of Four'
    • Labour's Left Wing
      • became increasingly militant
        • Derek Hatton & Arthur Scargill
      • Clause IV remained
    • Personalities
      • leadership election divided the party
        • Michael Foot eventually defeated Dennis Healey
    • Ideology
      • Europe was another issue that divided the party
      • some were attracted to other issues like the environment or feminism
      • Kinnock struggled to match Thatcher
    • Other Factors
      • Thatcher & Falklands Factor
      • Major & soap box philosophy
      • 'We're all right!!'
      • 'It's the Sun wot won it'


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