why the church was so powerful

  • Created by: kim414
  • Created on: 28-12-17 23:11
View mindmap
  • Why was the English Church so powerful in the 1520s?
    • everyday power (its influence on the daily lives of ordinary people)
      • Donations
        • the Church taught that worship of God should be beautiful
        • people hoped that their contribution would ensure their souls did not linger too long in purgery
        • people were encouraged to leave money to the Church in their wills
          • special prayers might be said for those ho had done so
        • some wealthier people left money to found a CHANTRY
          • a priest ould celebrate masses for the soul of its founder
        • INDULGENCES: paying for extra prayers to help speed the soul of a loved one to Heaven
        • 'requiem for the dead'
          • ordinary people who donated personal items to the church so they could be remembered after their deaths
          • every year their name would be read in the ceremony so their friends and family could be reminded of them
      • people attended church because they were afraid of dying
        • people often made the Church a central part of their wills
      • Tithes
        • parishoners had to pay 10% of their earnings to the Church
      • Priests
        • only priests and the most educated people could read the Bible: it was written in Latin
        • ORDINATION (becoming a priest) promoted the idea that priests were elevated above the ordinary villagers
      • Performance
        • mass was theatrical and appealed to the senses
          • ROOD SCREEN in parish churches
            • separated the congregation from the chancel
              • the vast majority of the population went to weekly or more regular services
      • Certainity
        • religious beliefs brought comfort and helped people understand events
        • priests emphasised how God controlled nature - imporatnt to many people who were poor farmers
        • Heaven and Hell taught to people promising they would go to Heaven if they lived a good life
      • Culture, festivals and saints
        • pilgtimage was important to ordinary people
      • Faith and fear
        • people never questione the church as it would put their family at risk - heresy punished very seriously
        • heretics were burned. also torture and execution
        • people had high expectations of their priests
          • they usually complained when priests did not meet their expectations
    • political power (its role in goverment)
      • 1520 the Roman Catholic Church's eanings = £400,000
      • The Church had its on system of Court Laws and privileges
      • Church and monarch
        • Bishops and abbots sat in the House of Lords and helped govern the country.
          • this created strong links between the monarch and the church
        • the church boosted the monarch's authority through concepts such as the 'Great Chain of Being'
          • Sense of Hierarchy - God would punish those who rebelled against their king (treason)
            • or anyone who questioned the authority of the church (heresey)
              • the Church played a fundamental role in maintaining control throughout the kingdom
        • some of Henry VIII's closest advisers were also churchmen
          • Thomas Wolsey was Henry's chief minister for 15 years
            • Wolsey also held many Church titles including Archbishop of York and cardinal
  • Submission
    • For a persons soul to be saved they had ti live a good christin life
      • attend regular services and submit to the authority of the church
    • everyday power (its influence on the daily lives of ordinary people)
      • Donations
        • the Church taught that worship of God should be beautiful
        • people hoped that their contribution would ensure their souls did not linger too long in purgery
        • people were encouraged to leave money to the Church in their wills
          • special prayers might be said for those ho had done so
        • some wealthier people left money to found a CHANTRY
          • a priest ould celebrate masses for the soul of its founder
        • INDULGENCES: paying for extra prayers to help speed the soul of a loved one to Heaven
        • 'requiem for the dead'
          • ordinary people who donated personal items to the church so they could be remembered after their deaths
          • every year their name would be read in the ceremony so their friends and family could be reminded of them
      • people attended church because they were afraid of dying
        • people often made the Church a central part of their wills
      • Tithes
        • parishoners had to pay 10% of their earnings to the Church
      • Priests
        • only priests and the most educated people could read the Bible: it was written in Latin
        • ORDINATION (becoming a priest) promoted the idea that priests were elevated above the ordinary villagers
      • Performance
        • mass was theatrical and appealed to the senses
          • ROOD SCREEN in parish churches
            • separated the congregation from the chancel
              • the vast majority of the population went to weekly or more regular services
      • Certainity
        • religious beliefs brought comfort and helped people understand events
        • priests emphasised how God controlled nature - imporatnt to many people who were poor farmers
        • Heaven and Hell taught to people promising they would go to Heaven if they lived a good life
      • Culture, festivals and saints
        • pilgtimage was important to ordinary people
      • Faith and fear
        • people never questione the church as it would put their family at risk - heresy punished very seriously
        • heretics were burned. also torture and execution
        • people had high expectations of their priests
          • they usually complained when priests did not meet their expectations
    • the desire to get to Heaven gave the Church enormous poer over ordinary people
  • praying to the shrine of St. Walstan
    • people expected to go to Heaven

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all The English Reformation c1520-1550 resources »