Attachment 1

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  • What is Attachment?
    • a strong, enduring, emotional and reciprocal bond between two people
    • Reciprocity -  where an infant and a caregiver interact together by one reacting to the other's behavior.
      • Tronick (1979) - asked mums who were babbling to their children to stop and remain unsmiling. Babies tried to get them to interact again, baby get distressed when they didn't interact
      • Brazelton (1979) said this basic rhythm is important for later communications. this lays the foundation for attachment.
        • Tronick (1979) - asked mums who were babbling to their children to stop and remain unsmiling. Babies tried to get them to interact again, baby get distressed when they didn't interact
    • Interactional synchrony - where an infant imitates the behavior of a caregiver.
    • Meltzoff and moore - controlled observation, 4 stimuli, three facial expressions, one hand gesture, observed baby response, watched video tape in slomo real time and frame by frame, observers did not know what infant had seen, watched tapes twice
      • Evaluation - controlled (replicable and standardized), video taped (replicable/standardized), blind technique (no researcher bias), high intra and inter rater reliability (accurate findings score is 0.92)

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