urbanisation

  • Created by: L1ttle M
  • Created on: 11-04-18 15:26
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  • urbanisation
    • growth in proportion of a countries population living in urban areas
    • more than 50% of the world's population live in urban areas
      • 3.9 billion people
      • this figure is increasing everyday
    • high income countries (HICs/ACs)
      • urbanisation happened earlier
        • eg in the industrial revolution
      • most of the population already live in urban areas
      • slow rates of urban growth
    • low income countiries (LICs)
      • small amount of current population live in urban areas
      • generally has fastest rates of urbanisation
    • newly emerging economies (NEEs)
      • % of people living in urban areas varies
      • Thailand Nigeria and China have rapid urban growth
    • rural to urban migration
      • push factors
        • natural disasters eg flood
          • damage property and farmland
            • people can't afford repairs
        • mechanisation of agricultural equipment
          • farms require fewer worker so there are less jobs avaliable
        • desertifcation
          • land is unworkable so people can no longer support themselves
        • conflict or war
          • force people to flee their homes
      • pull factors
        • more jobs in urban areas
          • jobs have better pay
        • access to better healthcare and education
        • join other family members who have already mover
        • think they will have a better quality of life
    • natural increase
      • more people are born than those dying
        • results in a population increase
    • better healthcare in urban areas
      • people live longer
    • young people move to cites to work
      • they have children
        • result is a larger population

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