Unit 4 Chemistry Summary Mindmap

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  • Created on: 23-04-18 08:35
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  • Unit 4
    • Isomerism
      • Stereoisomerism
        • Molecules that have the same structural formula but the atoms have a different arrangement in space
        • Geometric Isomerism
          • 2 different groups attached to each carbon either side of the double bond.
        • Optical Isomerism
          • Non-superimposable mirror images of one another
          • PPL- + enantiomers rotates PPL clockwise. - enantiomers rotate PPL anticlockwise
      • Structural Isomerism
        • Same molecular formula but a different arrangement of atoms
        • Chain Isomerism
          • Different arrangements of the carbon chain
        • Position Isomerism
          • Same carbon skeleton but the functional group occupy different positions
        • Functional Group Isomerism
          • Isomers that have the same molecular formula but have different functional groups
    • Aromaticity
      • Structure of Benzene
        • Evidence for Delocalised Strucutre
      • Reactions
        • Nitration
        • Chlorination
        • Freidel's Craft
      • Naming Aromatic Compounds
      • Why does Benzene always undergo substitution reactions?
      • Reactivity of Aromatic-Halogen Compounds
        • Test
      • Problems with Benzene
    • Alcohols and Phenols
      • Preparation of Alcohols
        • Industrial Preparation
        • From Halogenoalkanes
        • From Carbonyls
        • From Carboxylic Acids
      • Reactions Of Alcohols
        • Elimination
        • With Hydrogen Halides
        • Esterification
        • Oxidation
          • Forming Carbonyls
          • Forming Carboxylic Acids
      • Phenols
        • Reactions
          • With Strong Alkalis/Bases
          • With Bromine
          • With Acid Chlorides
        • Test
        • Benzene Ring with OH group attached
    • Carboxylic Acids
      • Contain COOH
      • Acidity of Carboxylic Acids
      • Test
      • Preparation of Carboxylic Acid
        • From Carbonyls
        • From Amides
          • Test for Ammonia
        • From Nitrites
      • Reactions of Carboxylic Acids
        • Reduction
        • Decarboxylation
        • Esterification
        • Forming Amides
          • Amides to Nitriles
        • Forming a Nitrile
          • Nitriles to Amides
      • Acid Chlorides
        • Esterification
        • Prep of Acid Chlorides from Carboxylic Acids
      • Aromatic Carboxylic Acids
        • Preparation
    • Amines
      • Basic due to lone pair of electrons on Nitrogen
      • Forming Amines
        • Aliphatic Amines from Halogenoalkanes
        • Aliphatic Amines from Nitriles
        • Aromatic Amines from Nitrobenzene
      • Reactions of Amines
        • With Acids
        • With Water
        • Ethanoylation
        • Cold Nitric Acid
          • Aliphatic Amines with HONO
          • Aromatic Amines with HONO
        • Aromatic Amines with Phenol
      • Azodyes
        • Why are they coloured?
      • Nitriles
        • Forming Nitriles
          • Halogenoalkanes
          • Carboxylic Acids
        • Reactions of Nitriles
          • Hydrolysis
          • Reduction
    • Amino Acids, Proteins and Peptides
      • Carboxylic Acids with an NH2 group attached
      • Zwitterion
      • Peptides
      • Proteins
        • Structure of Proteins
    • Instrumental Analysis
      • Spectroscopy
        • Mass Spectroscopy
        • NMR
        • IR
      • Polymerisation
      • Chromatography
    • Carbonyls
      • Contains C=O
      • Preparation of Carbonyls
        • From Alcohols
        • From Carboxylic Acids
      • Reactions
        • Reduction
        • With HCN
        • With 2,4-DNPH
        • With Acidified Potassium Dichromate
        • Tollen's Reagent
        • Fehling's Solution
        • Iodoform Test

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