Uk in 21st century

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  • Characteristic of uk
    • Population density is the highest in cites such as. Glasgow London and Birmingham with 5500 people per km . Areas such as north England and east wales have low populated lation density with 24 people  per km
    • High population density can cause housing shortages e.g London has up to 60000 new homes annually, pressure on health care and school e.g waiting lists
      • High population density can cause water stress if there is not enough water for the population e,g London
    • High rainfall is in the north and east of uk e.g aultbea in northeast Scotland has averse rainfall of 1470mm. The south and east of uk have low rainfall of 570mm-  rainfall is usually higher in coastal areas
    • 70% of uk is Agricultural  . Arable farming is common in south and east of uk and grazing is common is west and north of uk. Buildings are concentrated in up an areas e.g London
    • Uk in the 21st century
      • The changing population p2
        • Migration is increased  in 2015 over 600000 people moved in uk from China Australia and in only 300000 moved overseas
        • The net migration to the uk from 2001-2014% has increased but  stayed constant till 2010. Migration affects the DTM as it means birth rate is increasing due to child bearing age
        • Ethical diverse population- across the uk ethnicity diversity has increased between 2001  to present in 2091 60% of population was white British but this fell in 20011 by 45%. There was an increase of black African and Romanian people
      • The changing pogpulation hp1
      • The uk.s ageing populstion
        • The ageing population is the increasing  number of elderly people. 18% of population is 65 over. Birth rates are low due to fewer children . The average number of children decreased from 2.8 to 1.8 per family. People are also living longer due to improved medical care and healthier lifestyle. Life expectancy has increased from 72 to 81 yrs
        • The number  of elderly people in the uk is lower in Northern Ireland scortland than in England and Wales.it is generally lower in big cities such as London and Bristol  due to the working age. The percentage of older people is higher in coastal areas such as east south west England - retirement
        • Social affects- healthcare services are under pressure due to demand of medical care - free time for elderly so healthy lifestyle not  stressed-many retired people  do voluntary work this benefits community
        • Economic affects-taxes for working people raises to pay for healthcare services- older people aren’t working so pay less tax  so economic contribution drops- older people look after grandchildrenso their children can work
        • Responses- the government is raised the age st which people claim pension so people stay in work longer - toe government is ecouraging older people to save more money to help      Pay for their retirement e.g higher interests -govt encourages older people to stay healthier and  excersize  more
      • The changing economy of uk
        • 1997-2007 the uk economy grey and new investment of Technology and university education 2008- uk expntered a recession business failed and GDP decreased the govt tired to support business and decrease taxes they alsoo borrowed money 2009- the govt focused on paying off money by cutting spending on public services.
        • since 2001 quaternary industries have increased while secondary industries have decreased. Teirtsry and primary has stayed the same fairly. The biggest increase  in jobs is professional and technical

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