Trade Unions

  • Created by: UrsyB
  • Created on: 12-04-19 08:14
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  • Trade Unions
    • Key Events
      • 1834 - GNCTU
      • 1834 - Tolpuddle Martyrs
      • 1850s and 60s - New Model Unions, Amalgamated Society of Engineers
      • 1868 - Trade Union Congress
      • 1880s - New Unions
      • 1888 - Match Girls Strike
      • 1893 - Labour Party
    • GNCTU
      • Combined all workers and trades in an attempt to organise a General Strike
      • Lasted 6 months
      • Organised by Robert Owen
      • Defensive aim aver the Combination Acts
        • 1799 - Combination Acts made unions illegal
      • Claimed to have 500,000 members, although 16,000 is more likely
    • Tolpuddle Martyrs
      • 1834, 6 agricultural labourers arrested for forming a Trade Union
        • All members had to swear an oath of allegiance which was illegal according to the 1997 Unlawful Oaths Act
      • Triggered by a third cut to wages per week from 10 to 7 shillings
      • George Loveless was a Methodist and played an active part in the Union
      • All sentenced to 7 years transportation
      • 200,000 marched to Parliament to demand their return
      • 800,000 names on a petition to return them
      • Government relented and they were allowed back
      • Loveless pamphlet quoted at Chartist Meetings
    • Amalgamated Society of Engineers
      • New Model Union
      • 35,000 members by 1870
      • Members through subscription and meetings
      • Subscription fluctuated with work
      • Membership cost 1 shilling per week
    • Trade Union Congress
      • Emerged to co-ordinate localised unions
      • Got people to vote on equal pay
      • Principle of equality undermined, as only 2 women were ever present at any meeting
    • Match Workers
      • Paid only 5 shillings a week for dangerous work
      • Led By Annie Besant who campaigned for rights her whole life
      • New Union
      • 1888 Strike was the first time ever, non-skilled women went on strike
        • 50 girls marched to Parliament to demand change
    • London Dockers
      • Triggered by 12,000 people fighting for only 5,000 jobs
      • Organised a strike at South Quay
      • £30,000 as a gift from Australian Unions
      • New Union
      • Aimed for a pay rise from 4 to 6d per hour and 4 hours minimum employment

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