Towyn Floods

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  • Towyn Floods
    • Physical Causes
      • ·         Town is situated on low lying land, with some places on or only slightly above sea-level.
      • Severe storm on 12th February had weakened the sea wall in the Towyn section.
      • gale force dominant north-westerly winds in the Irish Sea with gusts in excess of 70mph and a storm surge of up to 10 metre high waves.
      • High spring tides
    • When: February 1990
    • Human Causes
      • 140 year old sea wall was in bad condition and could not withstand the storm surge.
      • Failure of 3km embankment protecting Morfa Rhuddlan and the Chester to Holyhead railway line from inundation
      • ·         Development: the building of retirement bungalows along the sea front, requiring culverts to drain surface run-off underground and into the Irish sea.  
    • Location: Towyn, North Wales, UK.
    • Environmental Impacts
      • ·         The consequence of the broken embankment meant flooding of 10km2 of land between Towyn and Kimnel Bay, with the worst affected areas submerged by up to 2 metres.
      • ·         Impact on farmland with the salt water contamination of the soil, meaning it was difficult to grow crops.
    • Socio-economic Impacts
      • Over 5000 people were affected in Towyn; with the cost of restoring flooded homes and  businesses at £30 million.
      • 2800 properties were evacuated, 1880 in Towyn. In Kimnel and Pensam 4512 people were affected by flood damage.
      • Insurance claims were expected to cost over £20 million, with an estimated £10.5 million needed to build new coastal defences.
      • In the first 2 weeks, 3000 people were in temporary accommodation; with still 1000 not able to return home after 3 months.
      • Clywd County Council estimated £1.4 million spent on immediate work on property and a further £3 million on structural damage of roads and other infrastructure such as the railway line to make the area fit to live in again.
  • ·         The consequence of the broken embankment meant flooding of 10km2 of land between Towyn and Kimnel Bay, with the worst affected areas submerged by up to 2 metres.

Comments

Mr A Gibson

More than enough here to get you full marks in a longer question that requires a detailed case study.- causes, effects and impacts. Everything is here.

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