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  • Tourism
    • Types of tourism
      • Leisure, holiday and festival - beach, city breaks, activity or adventure, health, heritage and cultural
      • VFR - visiting friends, family and relatives
      • Business - meetings and conferences
    • Why is tourism growing?
      • Social
        • Communications and IT, working conditions and changing fashions
      • Economic
        • Wealth, transport and exchange rates
      • Political
        • Relaxation of border controls to encourage tourism, attraction of the money to be made from visas and departure tax.
    • Tourist destinations
      • Physical
        • Bright, clear skies, beautiful scenery, popular beaches, clean,sandy beaches
      • Human
        • Hotels nearby, good transport, famous landmarks, water sports provided
    • The Butler model: Blackpool
      • Stage 1: Exploration (early 19thCentury) - only wealthy could afford to visit, still a hamlet
      • Stage 2: Incolvement (1846) - railways provided cheap travel enabling working class to go on holiday
      • Stage 3: Development (1870's) - workers granted annual holidays, factories closed and thousands visited, Tower, promenade, Piers and arcade built
      • Stage 4: Consolidation(interwar, 1918-1939) - workers given holiday pay, Europe's leading coastal resort, 150,000 permanent population
      • Stage 5:Stagnation (After ww2) - didn't have money for holidays
      • Stage 6: Rejuvenation (2003) casinos and conference centres built, hotels refurbished Stabilisation (1990) Sea life centre opened Decline (mid 1960's) cheap package hoilday's and cheap air travel.
    • Impacts on tourism
      • HIC's:Ibiza
        • More jobs available and bring money to the local community however there is a lot of noise and bad publicity and higher risk of crime (drugs)
        • Sandy beaches, peaceful resorts, full of culture, better transport links
      • LIC's: Nepal
        • Young men leave villages to become guides, teenagers drop out of school early, deforestation,basic food prices go up, not enough male labor, improvement on schools.
    • Eco-tourism: Trinidad, West Indies
      • Tourism which respects the environment and benefits the local community
      • Environmental
        • only 10% accessible to visitors
        • On-site recycling and waste water
      • Social
        • 50 staff live and work on estate and get free loans for building Food supplied by local farmers
      • It should:
        • Help conserve local environment, use resources sustainably, benefit local people, educate tourists how to not damage environment


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